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Black Pepper Pests

Pests of Major Significance

Insect Pests

  • Pollu beetle: Lanka ramakrishnae (Longitarsus nigripennis) Mots. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)
  • Top shoot borer: Cydia hemidoxa Meyr. (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)
  • Leaf gall thrips: Liothrips karnyi Bagnall (Thysanoptera: Phaleothripidae)
  • Mussel scale insects: Lepidosaphes piperis Gr.; Aspidiotus destructor Sign. (Hemiptera: Diaspididae)

Diseases

  • Foot rot /quick wilt disease: Phytophthora capsici Leonian
  • Pollu disease /Anthracnose: Colletotrichum gloeosporioides Penz. and Sacc.
  • Slow decline /slow wilt: (Phytophthora capsici-fungi; Meloidogyne incognita & Radopholus similis - nematodes)

Weeds

Broadleaf
  • Pigweed: Amaranthus viridis Hook. F. (Amaranthaceae)
  • Common purselane: Portulaca oleracea L. (Portualacaceae)
  • False amaranth: Digera arvensis Forssk. (Amaranthaceae)
  • Carrot grass: Parthenium hysterophorusL. (Asteraceae)
  • Goat weed: Ageratum conyzoides L. (Asteraceae)
  • Little mallow, (cheese weed): Malva parviflora F. (Malvaceae)
Grasses
  • Barnyard grass: Echinochloa crusgalli (L.) Beauv. (Poaceae)
  • Bermuda grass: Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. (Poaceae)
Sedges
  • Purple nutsedge: Cyperus rotundus L. (Cyperaceae).
  • Flat sedge: Cyperus iria L. (Cyperaceae)
Parasitic
  • Dodder: Cuscuta spp. (Convolvulaceae)

Nematodes

  • Root-knot nematode: Meloidogyne incognita Kofoid & White (Tylenchida: Heteroderidae)
  • Burrowing nematode: Radopholus similis Cobb (Tylenchida: Pratylenchidae)

Pest of Minor Significance

Insect pests

  • Leaf feeding caterpillar: Synegia sp. (Lepidoptera: Geometridae)
  • Mealybugs: Planococcus sp. / Pseudococcus sp. (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae )
  • Soft scale: Marsipococcus marsupiale Gr. (Hemiptera: Coccidae)

Diseases

  • Basal wilt in nurseries: Sclerotium rolfsii Sacc.
  • Leaf rot and leaf blight: Rhizoctonia solani Kuhn
  • Stunt disease: Cucumber Mosaic Virus and Pepper Yellow Mottle Virus
  • Phyllody disease: Phytoplasma like organism

IPM for Black Pepper

To know the IPM practices for Black Pepper, click here.

Source: NIPHM and Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage



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