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Chilli Pests

Pests of National Significance

Insect and mite pests

  • Gram pod borer: Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) (Karnataka)
  • Tobacco caterpillar: Spodoptera litura Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) (Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh)
  • Thrips: Scirtothrips dorsalis Hood (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) (Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Manipur)

Aphids:

  • Aphis gossypii (Glover) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) (Bihar)
  • Myzus persicae (Sulzar) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) (Andhra pradesh, Tamil Nadu)
  • Spider mites: Tetranhychus spp.
  • Yellow mites: Polyphagotarsonemus latus Banks (Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka)

Diseases

  • Damping off: Pythium aphanidermatum (Edson) Fitzp (Andhra Pradesh)
  • Die back and fruit rot: Colletotrichum capsici (Syd.) (Himachal pradesh)
  • Coeanephora blight: Coeanephora cucurbitarum (Berk. & Ravenel) Thaxt
  • Mosaic complex: (Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, UP, Maharashtra)
  • Powdery mildew: Leveillula taurica (Lév.) G. Arnaud (Tamil Nadu)
  • Cercospora leaf rot: Cercospora capsici Heald & F.A. Wolf
  • Bacterial leaf spot: Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria (Pammel) Dowson
  • Fusarium wilt: Fusarium solani (Mart.) Sacc. (Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh)
  • Alternaria leaf spot: Alternaria solani Ell. Mart.
  • Leaf curl virus: (Himachal Pradesh)

Nematodes

  • Root-knot nematode: Meloidogyne spp. (Kerala, Karnataka, Bihar)
  • Lesion nematode: Pratylenchus spp.

Weeds


Major Kharif weeds

Broadleaf weeds

  • Pigweed: Amaranthus viridis Hook. F.
  • Swine cress: Coronopus didymus (L.) Sm.
  • Black nightshade: Solanum nigrum L.
  • Common purselane: Portulaca oleracea L.
  • False amaranth: Digera arvensis Forssk.

Grassy weeds

  • Rabbit/Crow foot grass: Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Beauv.
  • Crabgrass: Digiteria sanguinalis (L.) Willd.
  • Barnyard grass: Echinochloa crusgalli (L.) Scop. Sedges
  • Purple nutsedge: Cyperus rotundus L.
  • Flat sedge: Cyperus iria L.

Major Rabi weeds

Broadleaf weeds

  • Lamb’s quarter: Chenopodium album L.
  • Scarlet Pimpernel: Anagallis arvensis L.
  • Sweet clover: Melilotus indica (L.) All.
  • Fine leaf fumitory: Fumaria parviflora Lam.
  • Corn spurry: Spergula arvensis L.

Grassy weeds

  • Blue grass: Poa annua L.
  • Canary grass: Phalaris minor Retz.

Pests of Regional Significance

Insect pests

Whitefly: Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae)

IPM for Chilli

To know the IPM practices for Chilli, click here.

Source: NIPHM and Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage



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