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Ginger Pests

Pests of National Significance

Insect pests

  • Shoot borer: Conogethes punctiferalis (Guen.,) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)
  • Rhizome scale: Aspidiella hartii (Cockerell) (Hemiptera: Diaspididae)

Diseases

  • Rhizome soft rot: Pythium sp.
  • Bacterial wilt: Ralstonia solanacearum (C. Martin and E. R. French)
  • Leaf spot: Phyllosticta zingiberi (T.S. Ramakr.)
  • Storage rot: Pythium spp., Fusarium spp. Verticillium spp.
  • Fusarium Yellows: Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. zingiberi (Foz)

Weeds

Major kharif
Broad leaf
  • Pigweed: Amaranthus viridis Hook. F. (Amaranthaceae)
  • Swine cress: Coronopus didymus (L.) Sm. (Brassicaceae)
  • Black nightshade: Solanum nigrum L. (Solanaceae)
  • Common purselane: Portulaca oleracea L. (Portualacaceae)
  • False amaranth: Digera arvensis Forssk. (Amaranthaceae)
  • Carrot grass: Parthenium hysterophorus L. (Asteraceae)
  • Horse purslane: Trianthema portulacastrum L. (Aizoaceae)
Grassy
  • Crab grass: Digiteria sanguinalis (L.) Willd. (Poaceae)
  • Barnyard grass: Echinochloa crusgalli (L.) Scop. (Poaceae)
  • Chinese lovegrass: Eragrostis unioloides (Retz.) Nees. Ex Steud. Poaceae
  • Goose grass: Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertner (Poaceae)
Sedges
  • Purple nutsedge: Cyperus rotundus L. (Cyperaceae)
  • Flat sedge: Cyperus iria L. (Cyperaceae)
Major rabi weeds
Broad leaf
  • Lamb’s quarter: Chenopodium album L. (Chenopodiaceae)
  • Scarlet Pimpernel: Anagallis arvensis L. (Primulaceae)
  • Sweet clover: Melilotus indica (L.) All. (Fabaceae)
  • Fine leaf fumitory: Fumaria parvifl ora Lam. (Fumariaceae)
  • Corn spurry: Spergula arvensis L. (Caryophylliaceae)
Grassy
  • Blue grass: Poa annua L. (Poaceae)
  • Canary grass: Phalaris minor Retz. (Poaceae)

Pests of Regional Significance

Insect pests

  • White grub: Holotrichia spp. (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)
  • Leaf roller/Skipper: Udaspes folus Cramer (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae)
  • Thrips: Stenchaetothrips indicus (L.) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)
  • Rhizome fly: Mimegralla coeruleifrons Macquart (Diptera: Micropezidae)

Diseases

  • Sheath blight / Leaf blight: Rhizoctonia solani (Kühn)
  • Dry rot: Fusarium oxysporum (Schlecht.)

Nematodes

  • Root-knot nematode: Meloidogyne spp.
  • Burrowing nematode: Radopholus similis (Cobb.)
  • Lesion nematode: Pratylenchus spp.

Animal and rodent pests

In some areas, rodents damage the ginger crop by making burrows in the ginger fi elds. Sometimes, monkeys, buffaloes, wild boar and other grazing animals also destroy the ginger cultivation by grazing or trampling over it.

IPM for Ginger

To know the IPM practices for Ginger, click here.

Source: NIPHM and Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage



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