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Small cardmom: Pests

Pests of National Significance

Insect pests

  • Cardamom thrips: Sciothrips cardamomi Ramakrishna (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)
  • Shoot/panicle/capsule borer: Conogethes punctiferalis Guenée (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)
  • Early capsule borer: Jamides alecto felder (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae)
  • Rootgrub: Basilepta fulvicornis Jacoby (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)

Diseases

  • ‘Katte’ or mosaic or marble disease: Cardamom mosaic virus
  • Primary nursery leaf spot: Phyllosticta elettariae Chowdhury
  • Capsule rot/azhukal disease: Phytophthora nicotianae var. nicotianae Breda de Haan, P. meadii McRae
  • Nursery leaf rot: Fusarium spp., Alternaria spp.
  • Damping off or seedling rot: Pythium vexans de Bary and Rhizoctonia solani J.G. Kühn, Fusarium oxysporum Schlecht
  • Clump rot or rhizome rot: Pythium vexans de Bary, Rhizoctonia solani Kühn and Fusarium sp.

Nematode

  • Root-knot nematode: Meloidogyne spp.

Weeds

Broadleaf
  • Goat weed: Ageratum conyzoides L. (Asteraceae)
  • Spanish needles: Bidens pilosa L. (Asteraceae)
  • Creeping wood sorrel: Oxalis corniculata L. (Oxalidaceae)
  • Neanotis wightiana Wallich ex Wight & Arnott) N. indica (Rubiaceae)
  • Soft blumea: Blumea wightiana D. (Asteraceae)
  • Little ironweed: Vernonia cineria (L.) Less. (Asteraceae)
  • Asiatic pennywort: Centella asiatica L. (Apiaceae)
Grasses
  • Bermuda grass: Cynodon dactylon (L) (Poaceae)
  • Crowfoot grass: Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd. (Poaceae)
  • Wrinkled duck-beak: Ischaemum rugosum Salisb. (Poaceae)
  • Buffalo grass: Paspalum conjugatum Bergius (Poaceae)
  • Bunch grass: Eragrostis tanella (L.) Roem.& Schult. (Poaceae)
  • Wavy leaf basket grass: Oplimenus undulatifolius (Ard.) (Poaceae)
Sedges
  • Purple nutsedge: Cyperus rotundus L. (Cyperaceae)
Rodents
  • Three stripped squirrel: Funambulus palmarum (Linnaeus)
  • Lesser bandicoot: Bandicota bengalensis (Gray)

Pests of Regional Significance

Insect and mite pests

  • Cardamom whitefly: Kanakarajiella cardamomi David and Subramaniam (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae)
  • Hairy caterpillars: Eupterote undata, E. fabia, E. cardamomi, E. canaraica, E. mollis and E. blanda (Lepidoptera: Eupterotidae)
  • Shoot fly: Formosina flavipes, Malloch (Diptera: Chlopidae)
  • Lacewing bug: Stephanitis typicus Distant (Hemiptera: Tingidae)

IPM for Small Cardamom

To know the IPM practices for Small Cardamom, click here.

Source: NIPHM and Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage



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