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Turmeric: Natural Enemies

Natural Enemies of Turmeric Insect Pests

Parasitoids

Parasitoids-Turmeric

Predators

Flowering plants that attract natural enemies/repel pests

Natural enemies Attractant/Repellent/Trap plants
Shoot borer:
Parasitoids: Bracon sp (larval), myosoma sp (larval), Apanteles sp (larval) , Xanthopimpla sp (larval and pupal) etc.,
Predators: Chrysoperla zastrowi sillemi, coccinellids, king crow, wasp, dragonfly, spiders, robber fly, reduviid bug, praying mantids, fire ants Entomopathogenic nematode (EPN) of the genus Rhabditis/ Oscheius and Hexamermis sp.
Attractant plants for natural enemies: Carrot family, sunflower family, buckwheat, alfalfa, corn, shrubs (minute pirate bug, lacewing and ladybird beetle).
• Nectar rich plants with small flowers i.e. anise, caraway, dill, parsley, mustard, sunflower, buckwheat and cowpea (braconid wasp)
• Maintaining hedgerows around the turmeric plantation also helps to maintain a population of ladybird beetle, spiders, etc.
• Mulching with green leaves @ 4–4.5 t/acre at the time of planting. It is repeated @ 2 t/acre at 40 and 90 days after planting.
• Use of Lantana camara and Vitex negundo as mulch at the time of planting may reduce the infection of shoot borer.
• EPN, Rhabditis/Oscheius as biopesticides for management of the shoot borer and other insect pests of turmeric.
Leaf roller:
Parasitoids: Apanteles sp, Sympiesis sp, Brachymeria oxodentata
Parasite: Ceromyia sp.
Attractant plants for natural enemies: Carrot family, sunflower family, buckwheat, cowpea, alfalfa, corn, shrubs (Apanteles sp, Sympiesis sp, Brachymeria oxodentata & Ceromyia sp).
• Nectar rich plants with small flowers i.e. anise, caraway, dill, parsley, mustard, sunflower, buckwheat and cowpea (Apanteles sp, Sympiesis sp, Brachymeria oxodentata)
Rhizome / soft rot:

• Incorporation of neem cake and pine needle in the soil.
• Different types of cropping systems cropping like maize, chili, brinjal, papaya, cucumber, pumpkin, yam, tree tomato, tapioca and different types of leguminous crops.
• Application of oil cakes made from Azadirachta indica, Calophyllum inophyllum, Pongamia glabra, Hibiscus sabdariffa and Brassica campestris
• Intercrop turmeric with maize and pineapple.
Root-knot nematode:

• Intercropping with marigold @ 5:1
• Repellant plants for nematodes: Marigold, Gliricidia, Asparagus, Dahelia etc.
• Crop rotation: Marigold, Chrysanthemum, Sesbania, Crotalaria spp., Gaillardia, cluster bean and Desmodium spp.,
• Border crops: Strips of ryegrass, cover crops and mulch beds (rove beetle)
• Soil incorporation of Gliricidia compost, neem seed cake.

IPM for Turmeric

To know the IPM practices for Turmeric, click here.

Source: NIPHM and Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage



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