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Cabbage and Cauliflower Pests

Pests of National Significance

Insect pests

  • Diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella Linnaeus (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) (Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Jammu and Kashmir, Maharashtra, Manipur, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal)
  • Head borer, Hellula undalis (Fabricius) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) (Andhra, Pradesh, Bihar, Delhi, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab)
  • Leaf webber, Crocidolomia binotalis (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) (Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh)
  • Cabbage aphid, Brevicoryne brassicae Linnaeus (Hemiptera: Aphididae) (Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, West Bengal)
  • Cabbage butterfly, Pieris brassicae (Linnaeus) (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) (Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Punjab, West Bengal)
  • Tobacco caterpillar, Spodoptera litura Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) (Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Haryana, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh)

Diseases

  • Damping off, Pythium aphanidermatum (Eds.)Fitz ; Rhizoctonia sonali Kuhn (Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, West Bengal)
  • Black rot, Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (Dowson) Dye, et al. (Delhi, Manipur, Maharashtra, Rajasthan)

Nematodes

  • Root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita/M. javanica
  • Reniform nematode, Rotylenchulus reniformis

Weeds

Major Kharif weeds

Broadleaf weeds

  • Pigweed: Amaranthus viridis Hook. F.
  • Swine cress: Coronopus didymus (L.) Sm.
  • Black nightshade: Solanum nigrum L.
  • Common purselane: Portulaca oleracea L.
  • False amaranth: Digera arvensis Forssk.

Grassy weeds

  • Rabbit/Crow foot grass: Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Beauv.
  • Crabgrass: Digiteria sanguinalis (L.) Willd.
  • Barnyard grass: Echinochloa crusgalli (L.) Scop. Sedges
  • Purple nutsedge: Cyperus rotundus L.
  • Flat sedge: Cyperus iria L.

Major Rabi weeds

Broadleaf weeds

  • Lamb’s quarter: Chenopodium album L.
  • Scarlet Pimpernel: Anagallis arvensis L.
  • Sweet clover: Melilotus indica (L.) All.
  • Fine leaf fumitory: Fumaria parviflora Lam.
  • Corn spurry: Spergula arvensis L.

Grassy weeds

  • Blue grass: Poa annua L.
  • Canary grass: Phalaris minor Retz.

Pests of Regional Significance

Insect pests

  • Tomato fruit borer, Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) (Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh)
  • Leaf eating caterpillar, Spilosoma oblique Walker (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae)
  • Serpentine leaf miner, Liriomyza trifoli (Burgess) (Diptera: Agromyzidae)
  • Mustard aphid, Lipaphis erysimi (Kaltenbach) (Homoptera: Aphididae) (Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tripura)
  • Cut worm, Spodoptera exigua (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
  • Painted bug, Bagrada cruciferorum Kirkaldy (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae)

Diseases

  • Club root: Plasmodiophora brassicae Wor. (Bihar, Kerala, West Bengal)
  • Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV): CaMV (Himachal Pradesh)
  • Ring spot: Mycosphaerella brassicicolaI (Fries ex Duby) Lindau
  • Black leg: Phoma lingam (Tode) Desm (Leptosphaeria maculans).
  • Alternaria spot: Alternaria brassicae (Berk.) Sacc., A. brassicicola (Schow.) Wiltshire (Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan)
  • White rust: Albugo candida (Lev.) Kunze. (Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka)
  • Root rot: Pythium spp.
  • Soft rot: Erwinia carotovora (L.R. Jones) Hollander

Nematodes

  • Stunt nematode, Pratylenchus pratensis

IPM for Cabbage and Cauliflower

To know the IPM practices for Cabbage & Cauliflower, click here.

Source: NIPHM, Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage



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