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Tomato: Natural Enemies

Flowering plants that attract natural enemies/repel pests

S.No Insect Natural enemies Flowering plants that attract natural enemies/repel pests
1 Serpentine leaf miner Parasitoids: Tetrastichus ovularum (egg), Gronotoma micromorpha (larval and pupal), Diglyphus sp. (larval), Opius sp. (pupal) Chrysocharis sp., Neochrysocharis formosa (larval) etc.

Predators: Lacewings, lady beetle,spiders, fire ants, dragonfly, robber fly, praying mantis etc.
Attractant plants: Carrot family, sunflower family, buck wheat, French bean (predatory thrips)
2 Gram pod borer Parasitoids: Trichogramma chilonis (egg), Tetrastichus spp. (egg), Telenomus spp. (egg), Chelonus blackburni (egg-larval), Carcelia spp. (larval-pupal), Campoletis chlorideae (larval), Goniophthalmus halli (larval), Bracon spp. (larval) etc.

Predators: Chrysoperla carnea, coccinellids, King crow, common mynah, wasp, dragonfly, spider, robber fly, reduviid bug, praying mantis, fire ants, big eyed bugs (Geocoris sp), pentatomid bug (Eocanthecona furcellata), earwigs,ground beetles, rove beetles etc.

Ovomermis albicans, a nematode,
Repellant plants: Ocimum /Basil
Attractant plants: Carrot family, sunflower family, buck wheat, alfalfa, corn, shrubs (minute pirate bug and lacewing)
• Nectar rich plants with small flowers i.e. anise, caraway, dill, parsely, mustard, sunflower, buck wheat and cowpea (wasp)
3 Tobacco caterpillar Parasitoids: Trichogramma chilonis (egg), Tetrastichus spp. (egg), Telenomus spp. (egg), Chelonus blackburni (egg-larval), Carcelia spp. (larval-pupal), Campoletis chlorideae (larval), Eriborus argentiopilosus (larval), Microplitis sp (larval) etc.
Predators: Chrysoperla carnea, coccinellids, King crow, common mynah, wasp, dragonfly, spider, robber fly, reduviid bug, praying mantis, fire ants, big eyed bugs(Geocoris sp), pentatomid bug (Eocanthecona furcellata), earwigs, ground beetles, rove beetles etc.

Ovomermis albicans, a nematode,
Repellant plants: Basil
Attractant plants: Carrot family, sunflower family, buck wheat, alfalfa, corn, shrubs (minute pirate bug and lacewing)
• Nectar rich plants with small flowers i.e anise, caraway, dill, parsely, mustard, sunflower, buck wheat and cowpea (wasp)
4 Whitefly Parasitoids: Encarsia sp, Eretmocerus spp.

Predators: Dicyphus hesperus, (mirid bug), dragonfly, spider, robber fly, praying mantis, fire ants, coccinellids, lace wings, big eyed bugs (Geocoris sp) etc.
Repellant plants: Peppermint
Attractant plant: French bean (predatory thrips)
5 Spider mites Predators: Anthocorid bugs (Orius spp.), mirid bugs, syrphid/hover flies, green lacewings (Mallada basalis and Chrysoperla carnea), predatory mites (Amblyseius alstoniae, A. womersleyi, A. fallacies and Phytoseiulus persimilis), predatory coccinellids (Stethorus punctillum), staphylinid beetle (Oligota spp.), predatory cecidomyiid fly (Anthrocnodax occidentalis), predatory gall midge (Feltiella minuta) etc.
Beauveria bassiana (entomo pathogen)
Attractant plants: Carrot family, bishop,s weed (spider mite destroyer)
• Sunflower family, marigold, buck wheat, spear mint (lady beetle)
• Carrot family, sunflower family, buck wheat, alfalfa, corn, shrubs (minute pirate bug)
• Mustard, sweet clove, dill (aphid midge)
• French bean (predatory mites)
• Berseem clover (big eyed bugs)
6 Root knot nematode Use of biocontrol agents like Paecilomyces lilacinus (egg parasite) • Intercropping of marigold with tomato reduces nematode population
Repellant plants: Marigold
Crop rotation: Marigold, Chrysanthemum spp., Sesbania spp., Crotalaria spp., Gaillardia sp, castor bean and Desmodium spp., (parasitic nematodes)
Boarder crops: Strips of Rye, grains, cover crops and mulch beds (rove beetle)

Resistant/tolerant varieties

Pest
Tolerant/ Resistant Variety
Root knot Nematode Pusa-120, Pusa Hybrid-2, Pusa Hybrid-4, Arka Vardan, Hisar Lalit, TNAU Tomato Hybrid Co3
Tomato leaf curl virus Arka Ananya, Kashi Vishesh, Kashi Amrit, COTH 2, TNAU Tomato Hybrid Co3
Bacterial wilt Arka Ananya, Arka Abhijit, Arka Abha, Arka Alok
*For detailed and updated information nearest KVK, SAU / ICAR Institute may be contacted

IPM for Tomato

To know the IPM practices for Tomato, click here.

Source: NIPHM, and Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage



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