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Cucurbitaceous Vegetable Pests

Pests of National Significance

Insect and mite pests

  • Cucurbit fruit fly: Bactrocera cucurbitae (big size), B. tau, B. dorsalis (medium size) (Coquillett) (Tephritidae: Diptera) (Assam, Andaman and Nicobar, Delhi, Kerala, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu)
  • Pumpkin beetles: Raphidopalpa foveicollis, Aulacophora intermedia, A. cincta (Lucas) (Chrysomelidae: Coleoptera) (Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh)
  • Epilachna beetles: Epilachna vigintioctopunctata, E. dodecastigma (Fabricius) (Epilachninae: Coccinellida: Coleoptera)
  • Serpentine leaf miner: Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess) (Agromyzidae: Diptera) (Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh)
  • Aphids: Aphis gossypii (Glover) (Aphididae: Hemiptera) (Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Manipur, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh)
  • Pumpkin leaf caterpillar: Diaphania indica (Saunders) (Pyralidae: Lepidoptera) (Gujarat, Karnataka, Punjab, Tamil Nadu)

Diseases

  • Downy mildew: Pseudoperonospora cubensis (Berkeley & M. A. Curtis) Rostovzev (Karnataka, Maharashtra, Punjab)
  • Powdery mildew: Erysiphe cichoracearum DC, Sphaerotheca fuligenia (Schltdl.) Pollacci (Haryana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh)
  • Cucumber mosaic: Cucumber Mosaic Virus (Delhi, Haryana, Kerala, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh)
  • Fusarium wilt: Fusarium oxysporum Schlecht (Delhi, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh)

Weeds

Broadleaf weeds

  • Pigweed: Amaranthus viridis Hook. F.
  • Swine cress: Coronopus didymus (L.) Sm.
  • Black nightshade: Solanum nigrum L.
  • Common purselane: Portulaca oleracea L.
  • False amaranth: Digera arvensis Forssk.
  • Congress weed: Parthenium histerophorous
  • Witch weed: Striga sp

Grassy weeds

  • Rabbit/Crow foot grass: Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Beauv.
  • Crabgrass: Digiteria sanguinalis (L.) Willd.
  • Barnyard grass: Echinochloa crusgalli (L.) Scop. Sedges
  • Purple nutsedge: Cyperus rotundus L.
  • Flat sedge: Cyperus iria L.

Broadleaf weeds

  • Lamb’s quarter: Chenopodium album L.
  • Scarlet Pimpernel: Anagallis arvensis L.
  • Sweet clover: Melilotus indica (L.) All.
  • Fine leaf fumitory: Fumaria parviflora Lam.
  • Corn spurry: Spergula arvensis L.

Grassy weeds

  • Blue grass: Poa annua L.
  • Canary grass: Phalaris minor Retz.

IPM for Cucurbitaceous Vegetable

To know the IPM practices for Cucurbitaceous Vegetable, click here.

Source: NIPHM, Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage



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