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Coconut Pests

Pests of National Significance

Insect and mite pests

  • Rhinoceros beetle: Oryctes rhinoceros Guest (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)
  • Red palm weevil: Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Olivier (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
  • Black headed caterpillar: Opisina arenosella Walker (Lepidoptera: Xylorictidae)
  • Eriophyid mite: Aceria guerreronis Keifer (Acarina: Eriophyidae)
  • Termite: Odontotermes sp (Isoptera: Termitidae)

Diseases

  • Bud rot: Phytophthora palmivora Butler
  • Stem bleeding: Thielaviopsis paradoxa De Seynes
  • Leaf rot: Exserohilum rostratum & Colletotrichum gleosporioides Drechsler
  • Cadang cadang disease: Coconut cadang-cadang viroid (CCCVd)

Weeds

Broadleaf
  • Crofton weed: Eupatorium odoratum L. (Asteraceae)
  • Sensitive plant: Mimosa pudica L. (Fabaceae)
  • Siam weed: Chromolaena odorata L. R.M. king & H. Rob (Asteraceae)
  • Carrot grass: Parthenium hysterophorus L. (Asteraceae)
  • Coatbuttons: Tridax procumbens L. (Fabaceae)
  • Pigweed: Amaranthus viridis Hook. F. (Amaranthaceae)
  • Common purselane: Portulaca oleracea L. (Portualacaceae)
  • Field bindweed: Convolvulus arvensis L. (Convolvulaceae)
Grasses
  • Cogon grass: Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeusch. (Poaceae)
  • Goose grass: Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertner. (Poaceae)
  • Burmuda grass: Cynodon dactylon (Poaceae)
Sedges
  • Purple nutsedge: Cyperus rotundus L. (Cyperaceae)
  • Flat sedge: Cyperus iria L. (Cyperaceae)
Nematodes
  • Burrowing nematode: Radopholus similis
Rodents
  • Palm civet: Vivera zibatha (Carnivora: Viverridae)
  • Black rat: Rattus rattus Linnaeus (Rodentia: Muridae)
  • Indian gerbil: Tatera indica Hardwicke (Rodentia: Muridae) (nursery/seedling)
  • The lesser bandicoot or Indian mole-rat: Bandicota bengalensis Hardwicke (Rodentia: Muridae)

Pests of Regional Significance

Insect pests

  • Cock chafer beetle: Leucopholis coneophora Burm (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)
  • Coreid bug: Paradasynus rostratus (Hemiptera: Heteroptera)

Diseases

  • Tanjavur wilt: Ganoderma lucidum Lingzhi or Reishi
  • Root wilt: Phytoplasma sp
  • Papery leaf blight: Pestalotia palmarum Cooke

IPM for Coconut

To know the IPM practices for Coconut, click here.

Source: NIPHM and Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage



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