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Barnyard millet

Varieties

A number of varieties with high yield potential have been released for different states. The list of latest and popular varieties recommended for different states are given below

Sl.No.

State

Varieties

1.

Uttarakhand

VL 172, VL 207, PRJ 1 and VL 29, PRS 1

2.

Uttar Pradesh

VL 172 and VL 207, Anurag, VL 29

3.

Tamil Nadu

CO 1 and CO 2, VL 181, VL 29

4.

Karnataka

VL 172, RAU 11, VL 181

5.

Gujarat

Gujarat Banti- 1

Season

  • Tamil Nadu: September –October (Rainfed) and February –March (Irrigated)
  • Uttaranchal and North Eastern States: April-May
  • Dry seeding prior to the onset of monsoon is practiced in hills.

Spacing and Seed rate

Spacing:

25 cms between rows and 10 cm between plants within a row

Seed rate:
  • 8-10 kg ha-1 for line sowing
  • 12-15 kg ha-1 for broad casting

Manuring and Fertilization

  • Apply 5 tones of farm yard manure per hectare 2-3 weeks before sowing.
  • fertilizer required for different states is as follows

States

Fertilizer recommended NPK kg ha-1

Andhra Pradesh

20:20:0

Bihar and Tamil nadu

40:20:0

Uttar Pradesh

40:20:0

Other states

20:20:0

Bio fertilizers

Inoculating seeds with Agrobacterium radiobacter and Aspergillus awamori is recommended

Weed Control

  • Two inter cultivations and one hand weeding in line sowing
  • Two hand weeding in broadcasted crop.

Cropping system

  • Barnyard millet + rice bean in 4:1 row ratio is recommended for Uttaranchal

Diseases

The crop although affected by three different smuts, the grain smut caused by Ustilago panicifrumentacei is important.

Control : Pre sowing treatment of the seeds with Thiram or Carbendazim @ 2g/kg.

Pests

Shootfly

It is the most serious pest causing significant yield losses.

Early sowing with the onset of monsoon is an effective and cheapest method of control.

Source : Indian Institute of Millets Research



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