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Hybrids and varieties of grain sorghum for kharif

Hybrids and varieties of grain sorghum for kharif

Introduction

Sorghum is one of the main staple food for the poor people across the semi arid tropics. It is mainly consumed by poor farmers. India contributes about 16% of the world’s sorghum production. It is the fourth most important cereal crop in the country and also contributing green fodder, feed and biofuel.

This crop was one of the major cereal during the 1950s contributing to more than 10% of the food basket. At present, it is reduced to less than 4.0%. Sorghum cultivation is taken up in 5.97 m ha with a production of 5.01 million tonnes (Ref : Agricultural Statistics at a Glance 2018 of Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare). There has been rapid improvement in productivity - 466 kg/ ha in 1971 as against 998 kg/ ha in 2017-18. This has been possible through use of productive hybrids and varieties and adoption of improved production technologies. In the last three decades productivity has gone upto 84% in case of kharif sorghum and 70% in rabi sorghum.

Hybrids and varieties for Kharif season

The essential information on grain sorghum hybrids and varieties released in the country for cultivating under kharif season is presented below.

Hybrids

Hybrid

Duration

Grain Yield (kg/ha)

Fodder Yield (kg/ha)

Suitable Areas*

CSH1

90-100

3000-3500

7500

TN, AP, KA, RJ, UP, GJ, MH, MP. Specific adaption to low rainfall and light soil kharif areas of country.

CSH2

115-120

3000-3500

-

Suitable for assured rainfall mid-late kharif tracts specifically in Karnataka

CSH3

150-170

3500-3800

-

Assured rainfall tracts in MH, TG, monsoon areas of TN, Malwa Plateau (MP) and Bundelkhand (UP)

CSH4

110-105

3500-3800

-

All kharif and some rabi areas of all over the country

CSH5

100-120

3800-4000

9300

All kharif areas and late kharif tracts of AP and summer irrigated areas in TN, and KA. Well adapted for intercropping and ratooning

CSH6

95-100

3376

8100

For cultivation in kharif, early rabi and rabi seasons a;; over the country. Suitable for low rainfall tracts of kharif and late kharif season in AP. Ideally suited for intercropping and ratooning

CSH9

105-110

4000-4200

9800

All kharif sorghum areas except in humid areas of KA and TN

CSH10

100-115

3633

12000

KA

CSH11

105-115

4172

9180

All kharif growing areas

CSH13

105-110

3924

14100

AP, GJ, TN, KA, MP, HR, RJ, MH and UP

CSH14

105

3840

8800

All kharif growing areas medium to heavy soils for low rainfall areas

 

Hybrids

Duration

Grain Yield (kg/ha)

Fodder Yield (kg/ha)

Suitable Areas*

CSH16

110

4308

9676

Kharif sorghum growing areas of MH, TN, AP, GJ, KA, MP, RJ and UP

CSH17

103

4186

10400

All Kharif  growing areas of RJ, MP, GJ and TN

CSH18

110-115

4336

13100

All kharif season as a rainfed crop in sorghum growing states in country

CSH23

105

4100

8700

All over India

CSH25

110-115

4370

12710

MH in Kharif season

Varieties

Variety

Duration

Grain Yield (kg/ha)

Fodder Yield (kg/ha)

Suitable Areas*

CSV 1

95-100

3000-5000

-

All kharif sorghum growing areas of MH, GJ, KA and AP

CSV 2

105-110

3000-3500

-

Kharif tracts of MH, MP and adjoining areas of RJ, Bundelkhand (UP) and North Telangana

CSV 3

105-110

3500-4000

-

All kharif growing areas of country

CSV 4

105-110

3000-3500

-

All kharif sorghum growing areas

CSV 5

110-120

3000-3500

-

KA,TN and MH

CSV 6

115-120

3200-3500

-

Assured rainfall areas of vidharbha and west MH regions,MP, Kota region of RJ, Bundelkhand (UP), South GJ, Adilabad (AP) and TN

CSV 9

110-115

3000-3500

8940

All kharif sorghum growing areas in India

CSV 10

110-115

3000-3500

9010

MH, KA, AP and RJ

CSV 11

110-115

3250

9600

All kharif growing areas in India

CSV 13

110-120

3525

9700

All kharif growing areas of the country

CSV 15

110-112

3621

12100

All kharif growing areas of the country

CSV 17

97

2500

6800

Low rainfall and drought prone sorghum regions of the country

CSV 20

109

3100

13300

All India

*KA:KARNATAKA, TN:TAMILNADU, AP:ANDHRA PRADESH, RJ:RAJASTHAN, GJ:GUJARAT, UP:UTTAR  PRADESH, MH:MAHARASHTRA, MP:MADHYA PRADESH

Authors

  1. Deepika C, ICAR-Indian Institute of Millets Research, Hyderabad
  2. Vinu V, ICAR-Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Coimbatore
  3. Swarna R , ICAR-Indian Institute of Millets Research, Hyderabad
  4. Jinu J, ICAR-Indian Institute of Millets Research, Hyderabad
  5. Sooganna,ICAR-Indian Institute of Millets Research, Hyderabad
  6. Gayatri B, ICAR-Indian Institute of Oilseed Research, Hyderabad

References

  1. Sorghum Cultivars of India: Hybrid, Varieties and parental lines. 2009 Vilas A Tonapi, M Elangovan, N kannababu, KV Raghavendra Rao, Raghunath Kulakarni, D Chandra Sekhar Reddy, Ram Swaroop Meena, HS Gawali and N Seetharama. ISBN 81-89335-23-5.144 pp
  2. Genetic Improvement of Grain Sorghum. 2019 Editor(s): C. Aruna, K.B.R.S. Visarada, B. Venkatesh Bhat, Vilas A. Tonapi. ISBN 9780081018798, Pages 157-173.


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