- Did you know that honey isn't the only thing that bees make. Bees also produce a compound called Propolis from the sap on needle-leaved trees or evergreens.
- When Bees combine the sap with their saliva and beeswax, they create a sticky, bottle green-brown product used as a coating for the hives. This is Propolis or Bee glue.
- Honey bees use it as a sealant for unwanted open spaces in the hive, to fill crevices and to fix and varnish honeycombs.
- Since ancient civilization Propolis is being used for its medicinal properties across nations :
- Greeks used it to treat abscesses.
- Assyrians used to put it on wounds and tumors to fight infection and help the healing process.
- Egyptians used it to embalm mummies.
- Maximum Propolis comes from Apis mellifera and Trigona.
Tools, Collection, Storage and Training for Propolis
Tools and Equipments
- The tools used for Propolis are mesh (2mm) and commercial plastic which are reusable and inexpensive. It is a plastic grid resembling queen excluder with smaller holes to trap the Propolis.
How to collect Propolis?
- Keep the Mesh plastic or commercial plastic in place of an inner cover.
- The bees get annoyed by the small openings - which are too small for bee passage - so they fill them in with the gooey plant secretions called as Propolis.
- After the bees fill in the empty spaces, the beekeeper should pop the trap in the freezer for a few hours.
- Once frozen, the plastic trap can be twisted and the Propolis shatters out.
- Collect the shards quickly before they get warm and you’re done.
How to store collected Propolis?
- Keep any Propolis you collect in a plastic bag or closed container in the freezer.
- Try not to let it get too warm or it will glob together.
- It is much easier to clean when crumbly in little pieces.
- Royal jelly is the ‘milky’ substance that worker bees produce from its head glands (pharyngeal glands) that is used in feeding to all the bee larvae (Queen, Worker and Drone bee) regardless of sex.
- After three days, other larvae’s (Worker and Drone bee) not chosen to be queen are not fed with royal jelly anymore.
- The queen larvae continue to be fed with special concoction throughout their development. It acts as the principal source of food for the colony’s incoming. queen. This triggers the development of her ovaries needed to lay eggs.
Facts to note
The royal jelly has proven record of health and medicinal benefits Royal Jelly is a popular commercial product.
In China, Taiwan, Korea it has traditionally used for treatment of human ailments.
As the name goes. Bee Sting is a sting from a bee. Honey bees will actively seek out and sting when they sense the hive to be threatened, attacked or quick body movements near the hive. Other worker bees gets the alert by the release of pheromones, which attracts all the guard bees to attack.
A honey bee that is away from the hive foraging for nectar or pollen will rarely sting, except when stepped on or roughly handled.
Only Queen and Worker bees have sting, drones do not have sting. Worker bees dies after sting, therefore always try to stay calm and relaxed while inspecting bee-colonies.
From the stings Bee venom is made. This is the poison that makes bee stings painful.
What to do when Honey-bee stings you?
- Remove the sting immediately with the edge of your fingernail or with an edge of any object.
- Never use tweezers to remove a sting.
- Wash the sting with soap and water.
- Apply a cold pack to reduce swelling.
- Home Remedies for bee stings - Icing the sting is the most effective way to reduce venom absorption.. It also can help reduce swelling.
- If you have any signs of a severe reaction to a bee sting, get emergency help. You may be experiencing anaphylactic shock, a life-threatening allergic reaction.
Source: Khadi And Village Industries Commission