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Rearing of Calves

Care and management immediately after calving

  1. Cleaning the udder and hind quarters of cattle.
  2. Mucus removal from the face and nostrils of calf and induction of respiration.
  3. Allowing the calf to suck the colostrum.
  4. Naval cord ligation.
  5. Watching of cow for placenta expulsion.

Essential requirements in a calf house

  1. Dry bedding.
  2. Well ventilated environment.
  3. A specific minimum cubic air capacity per calf.
  4. A draught free environment at calf level.

Floor space requirement for calves

Age of calves (months)

Covered area( m2)

Open area(m2)

No. of calves/pen

0-3

1.0

2

24 / pen

3-6

1.5

3

16/ pen

6-12

2.0

4

12/pen

Feeding and watering space requirements for calves

Feeding space (cm)

Watering space (cm)

50 / calf

50 / calf

Feeding schedule for calves

Age of calf

Body weight (kg)

Quantity of milk(kg)

Concentrates

Green fodder

From birth to 4h week

25

2.5

Smaller rate

Smaller rate

4 to 6th week

30

3.0

50 to 100 grams

Smaller rate

6 to 8th week

35

2.5

100 to 250 grams

500 grams

8 to 10th week

40

2.0

250 to 350 grams

750 grams

10 to 12th week

45

1.5

350 to 500 grams

1.0 kg

12 to 16th week

50

-

500 to 750 grams

1.5 kg

16 to 20th week

55

-

750 to 1000 grams

2 kg

20 to 24th week

60

-

1 to 1.25 kg

3 kg

6 to 9th month

70 to 100

-

1.25 to 1.5 kg

5 to 8 kg

9 to 15th mont5h

100 to 150

-

1.5 to 2.0 kg

8 to 15 kg

15 to 20th month

150 to 200

-

2.00 to 2.25 kg

15 to 20 kg

Above 20 months

200 to 300

-

2.25 to 2.50 kg

20 to 25 kg

Vaccination particulars for your calf

Age

Vaccination

8 weeks before weaning

Black quarter (1st vaccine)

2-4 months

FMD first vaccine

6-8 months

FMD booster vaccine

6 months

Anthrax

Black quarter (2nd vaccine)

Hemorrhagic septicemia vaccine

4-8 months

Brucella vaccine

Early once

FMD vaccine

Deworming of calves

  1. Deworming should be started from the first week of calf.
  2. A single oral dose of 10 g piperazine adepate is recommended for the calves preferably in the first week of life to control neonatal ascariasis especially in buffalo calves.
  3. Deworming should be done every month for first 6 months, thereafter once in three months.
  4. The deworming drugs and dose should be consulted with qualified veterinary doctor.
  5. Over dose and under dose of deworming drugs should be prevented to check the side effects.

Source: Expert System for Cattle & Buffalo, Directorate of Extension Education, TANUVAS

Related resources

  1. Cattle Health Management - Learning Resources from RAGACOVAS
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