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Milk Production and the Udder

Milk Production and the Udder

The main purpose of the milk is to feed the young. A good milking animal can produce more milk than her young need.

How milk is made

  • The udder of the cow and buffalo has four quarters, each quarter having a teat.
  • In the sheep and goat the udder is divided into two with two teats.
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How milk is made

  • Milk is produced in the udder from nutrients in the blood which flows through the vessels (tubes) in each quarter.
  • The greater the amount of blood passing through the udder the greater the amount of milk which is produced.
  • The milk is released as the teat is sucked or squeezed.
  • Milking by hand will take from 5 to 10 minutes.
  • The udder should be emptied at each milking and this will stimulate the udder to develop more milk. Always milk the animal quietly.
  • A good time to milk is in the morning before the animal goes out to graze and in the evening.
  • Always milk at the same time each day.

Differences in milk yields

Milk yields will vary for different reasons:

  • Some types or breeds of animals produce more milk than others.
  • Milk production will be greater after the birth of the second or third young.
  • Extra good feed, minerals and a lot of water are needed by the animal in milk in order to produce milk.
  • Milk production improves when the animal gives birth in the rainy season when there is a lot of feed available.
  • Talking, singing or whistling to the sheep, cow, goat or buffalo as it is being milked makes it relax and the milk is let down better.
  • Some individuals naturally give more milk than others. These individuals should be selected for breeding.

Source : Pashu sakhi Handbook



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