World aquaculture production (food fish and aquatic plants) has grown significantly during the past half-a-century. Mariculture is an activity involving food production for human consumption. It is an activity in which aquatic organisms both plants and animals are cultured in a confined environment in the aquatic medium which may be completely marine or marine mixed to various degrees with freshwater in the brackishwater areas.
The potentially cultivable candidate species in India include about 20 species of finfishes, 29 crustaceans, 17 molluscs, 7 seaweeds and many other species of ornamental and therapeutic value.
The National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB) assists the following components:
The following criteria shall be applicable for the selection of organization/agency for setting up demonstration farms:
The following criteria shall be applicable for the selection of farmer/fisherman for receiving the demonstration:
For establishment of two demonstration hatcheries, Agencies with expertise for ornamental fish seed production echnologies would be considered and fishermen familiar with marine ornamental fishes would be given preference for training.
The criteria for selection of farmers/fishers for grants for estuarine/ open-sea mussel farming are as follows:
|Sl. No.||Name of the Activity/ Scheme||Unit Cost||Pattern of assistance|
|A||Setting up of new hatcheries for brackishwater fin fish seed production||Rs. 72 lakh||40% subsidy on the unit cost not exceeding Rs. 28.80 lakh /unit|
|B||Diversification of shrimp hatcheries to brackishwater fin fish seed production||Rs. 70 lakh||40% subsidy on the unit cost not exceeding Rs. 28.00 lakh/unit|
|C||Assistance for setting up Open Sea Cage Culture units||Capital cost of Rs. 6.00 lakh/cage and working capital of Rs. 4.15 lakh/cage of 12-metre dia.||40% grant to Central Govt. Institutions/State Fisheries Departments/ Corporations |
40% back ended subsidy on capital and recurring costs to fishermen groups and entrepreneurs
|D||Assistance for setting up of Open Sea Cage Culture units by fishermen societies and SHGs||Capital cost of Rs. 1.25 lakh/cage of 6-metre dia.||40% as back ended subsidy on capital cost|
|E||Assistance to Mussel/Oyster/Clam culture/ other commercial shellfishes||Rs. 20,000/ unit of 50 m2 area||40% subsidy on the unit cost, to fishermen/ SHG’s/ entrepreneurs|
|F||Training on Marine Ornamental Fish Culture||As per NFDB guidelines||100% financial assistance to Govt. Institutions having expertise|
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