অসমীয়া   বাংলা   बोड़ो   डोगरी   ગુજરાતી   ಕನ್ನಡ   كأشُر   कोंकणी   संथाली   মনিপুরি   नेपाली   ଓରିୟା   ਪੰਜਾਬੀ   संस्कृत   தமிழ்  తెలుగు   ردو

Black Gram Cultivation with New Technology

Introduction

  • Smt.Tapasi Patra and several other practicing farmer and farm women of Ruppur village, Bolpur, Santiniketan had undergone skill development training programmes on crop diversification through introduction of pulses during Kharif season 2019-20 organized by Rathindra KVK, Palli Siksha Bhavana, Visva-Bharati, Sriniketan in Birbhum District of West Bengal.

Source of Motivation

y Smt. Patra after skill development training programmes had shown interest on pulse cultivation during kharif instead of kharif paddy. y She encouraged other fellow farmers to become the partner farmers in the Cluster Front Line Demonstration Programme on Kharif Pulses viz. Black gram, 2019-20 conducted by KVK, Birbhum in their village.

Technology and Innovation Adopted

  • Farmers of Ruppur village generally grow Kali-50 (old variety) variety of black gram. They do not adopt any new technology and they have no idea about use of any micronutrients and herbicides.
  • They hardly apply any fertilizers for black gram cultivation.
  • Scientists of KVK, Birbhum motivated the farmers to adopt the latest technology of Black gram cultivation during kharif and accordingly conducted the CFLD in the village during 2019-20. The following practices were advocated and inputs provided by the KVK
  • Use of seeds of Improved Variety WBU-109 @ 30 kg/ha
  • Method of seed sowing: - Broadcasting
  • Application of herbicides Pendimethalin @ 3 L / ha at 1- 3 days after sowing.
  • Foliar Spray of Micro-Nutrients: B-20 @ 2 gm. / L of water at 25 and 45 days after sowing.

Achievements

Local Check Demonstrution
Varity Yield(q/ha) BC Ratio Variety Yield (q/ha) BC Ratio Change in Yield (%)
Kali-50 5.6 1.94 WBU -109 12.75 4.16 127

Contributing Factors

  • The demonstrated variety WBU-109 is a short duration and takes 15-20 days less than the existing variety i.e. Kali-50.
  • Average no. of branches of the demonstrated variety was also more by 6-8 numbers than the Kali-50 variety. The number of pods per plant was 60-65 in the demonstrated variety whereas in the case of the existing variety, it was only 30-35 in numbers.
  • The shiny black colour of the seeds of WBU-109 is very much attractive and fetches higher remuneration in market.

Influence on the Other Farmers

  • The demonstration plots attracted the attention of many farmers for its good crop stand and a bumper harvest. It is expected that people would adopt this improved/new technology to boost pulse production.

Source : Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare



© 2006–2019 C–DAC.All content appearing on the vikaspedia portal is through collaborative effort of vikaspedia and its partners.We encourage you to use and share the content in a respectful and fair manner. Please leave all source links intact and adhere to applicable copyright and intellectual property guidelines and laws.
English to Hindi Transliterate