অসমীয়া   বাংলা   बोड़ो   डोगरी   ગુજરાતી   ಕನ್ನಡ   كأشُر   कोंकणी   संथाली   মনিপুরি   नेपाली   ଓରିୟା   ਪੰਜਾਬੀ   संस्कृत   தமிழ்  తెలుగు   ردو

Knitting Livelihoods opportunity through “Tasar Silk”

Knitting Livelihoods opportunity through “Tasar Silk”

Background

Jharkhand, with its ample natural resources, has the potential to encash with Non-Timber Forest Produces (NTFPs). Special focus has been given on enhancing the skills of tribal farmers in order to extract maximum from the NTFPs to enhance their overall earnings. 73.3% of total population of Khunti district of Jharkhand belongs to the tribal community. Tasar silk also known as ‘Wild Silk’ is the most preferred variety of silk produced in Khunti and allied districts. It is valued for its rich texture and natural deep gold colour. It is obtained from silkworms that do not breed on mulberry trees but local trees like Sal, Arjuna and Aasan. These trees are found in good numbers all across the jungles of Southern Chotanagpur division.

The Resham Project

In Khunti district, two blocks - Murhu and Rania have been taken under the Resham project. With the cumulative efforts, 1182 farmers at present have evolved themselves as Tasar growing farmers and have escalated their overall earnings. The intervention with 1182 farmers was not easy. Many rounds of ice breaking sessions were held in many interior villages of Rania and Murhu. Public mobilization helped people to understand the new culture of farming. There is a team of professionals and cadres who took the pain to make space for new intervention in the tribal dominated population. The cadres were selected and trained and these community cadres, after residential trainings and induction towards Tasar, played a critical role in mobilising people Expertise of Community Vanopaj Coordinators and Aajeevika Resham Mitras in Tasar cultivation and command over local language made things pliable. Initially people resisted in adopting a new pattern of cultivation but gradually, a small group of 50 to 100 armers grew up to 1182 farmers over a period of three years of intervention. At present, in Khunti 118200 host trees are mapped for 1182 resham farmers constituted in 44 producers groups. For providing the handholding and training support 2 rural service centres are formed. 39 Aajeevika Resham Mitra (ARM) and 4 Community Vanopaj Co-Ordinator (CVC) are deployed After collection,  the cocoons are categorized into A, B and C category based on their physical appearance. These Cocoons are being sold at price of Rs. 3.2, Rs 2.39 and Rs 0.5 for A, B and C grade cocoons simultaneously. Average price of the cocoons ranges between Rs 260 to Rs 270 per 100 cocoons. The Cocoons are further sent to cocoon banks for reeling purpose and the output is sold at Rs. 1200 per Kilogram. These silk threads are widely used in knitting sari, table cloths, covers and other wearables. 100 DFLs are normally capable of producing 6000 to 8000 caterpillars which will be forming 6000 to 8000 cocoons.  The average cost of Rs 2.60 per unit. Expenditure incurred on purchase of 100 DFL ( Rs 1,200/-) and disinfectant is Rs. 300. So, on an average a farmer is earning Rs. 19300/- net income in one season.

This model for Tasar cultivation is being promoted on a large scale in Jharkhand and the state is projecting to associate 25,000 farmers by this f inancial year. We are aiming to develop an integrated cluster with handholding support to farmers and forward linkage of final outputs, fabric, through with exclusive umbrella brand of ‘Palash.

Source : Inspirational Stories of Aatmanirbhar Rural Women



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