The Ministy of Jal Shakti is implementing the National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) and Jal Jeevan Mission to ensure that every rural person has enough safe water for drinking, cooking and other domestic needs.
In order to increase piped water supply coverage in rural India, the Ministry has launched Swajal in all aspirational districts of the country. The aspirational districts have 25% of Piped Water Supply (PWS)' habitations against the national average of 44% habitations.
Swajal is planned as a mini single village scheme using renewable energy to reach the remote areas which are yet to get the facility of piped water supply.
This mini scheme, to be implemented by fully involving the community at every stage, would benefit about 1048 blocks those are classified as safe blocks from the groundwater development point of view by Central Ground Water Board.
The scheme challenges the aspirational districts to seek a demand based scheme rather than a routine supply based one. The scheme allows sourcing water both from surface and ground, with more emphasis on latter keeping in view the ease of implementation and management by community. It also emphasizes an overarching third-party governance mechanism for scheme sustainability.
Swajal can be taken up in any habitation of a village/Gram Panchayat that satisfies the following criteria:
The objective of Swajal is a single village piped water scheme, hence to have a low cost scheme with minimum operation and maintenance cost that would reduce the tariff burden on community, the cost of each Swajal scheme can be up to Rs 50 lakhs.
The Government of India and the State Government share will be as per the existing NRDWP guidelines applicable to various states. The contribution from Gram Panchayat and communities will be against capital cost of water supply.
To access the complete guidelines, click here.
Source : Ministry of Jal Shakti
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