Vizianagaram District is predominantly an agricultural district as 68.4% of the workers are engaged in Agriculture and about 82% of the population of the District is living in Rural area s and depend on agriculture for their livelihood. Rainfed farming is the characteristic of Agriculture in the District as about 80% of its area is cultivated purely under Rainfed conditions. Even the rest of the area which is termed as irrigated area is mostly dependent on the rainfall received in the District.
In view of the unassured irrigation conditions in the district majority of crops grown are dry crops. The major crops grown in the District are Paddy, Ragi, Bajra, Sugarcane, Pulses, Mestha, Cotton, Maize, Korre Chillies, Seasonal Tobbaco and Groundnut. Paddy crop is cultivated mainly during Kharif season with 80% of its area under tankfed conditions which in turn depend on the local rainfall. The average yields obtained in the district are low due to the erratic rainfall generally received in the district.
The Department of Agriculture has been created mainly to provide Agricultural Extension services to farmers and to transfer the latest technical knowledge to the farming community, introduction of high yielding varieties, laying demonstrations, imparting training to farmers to improve skills & knowledge to boost up the agricultural Production and productivity.
In the process of making the mission a reality, the department is adopting following strategies:
The Departments has a strong chain of human resources consisting of more than 4000 extension staff of field and supervisory cadre. The staff is periodically oriented with the advance technology emerging from time to time by re-engineering through trainings, workshops, interactions etc., in addition, the department supports a number of Farmers Training Centers, laboratories, Farmers Field Schools etc., to equip the farmer with necessary deal and knowledge for successful agriculture
The research support to the Department is endowed by the State Agriculture University and the National and International Institutes. The input support is solicited through various autonomous bodies like APSSDC, APAIDC, APMARKFED, APOILFED, HACA etc., The other eco-coordinating Departments are Horticulture, Sericulture, Fisheries,Animal Husbandry, Irrigation, Forests, Rain ShadowArea Development and Power.Financial support is rendered by NABARD and other Banks, not only to land owning farmers but also to tenant farmers.
At the District level the Department is headed by Joint Director of Agriculture and assisted by DDAs ADAs and AOs at District, Division and Mandal levels.
Agriculture Division level:
The Divisional ADA is the head of the Agriculture division and assisted by the agricultural officers at the mandal level. There are 12 divisions in the District
In all the 34 Rural and Urban mandals of the district , atleast one Agriculture Officer is working in each mandal. These AOs are assisted by few Agricultural Extension Officers in the field work.
|Chandranna Rythu Kshetram (CRKs)||The objective of Chandranna Rythu Kshetram is the new On Farm Demonstration programme implemented in the farmers field it self to promote best agronomic and farm management practices for achieving increase in productivity and reducing cost of cultivation. Rs.50,000/- worth of inputs supplied to beneficaries.|
|National Mission on oilseeds (NMOOP)||NMOOP envisages increase in production of vegetable oils sourced from Oil seeds.To increasing production and productivity of oilseeds crops and oil palm through bringing in fallow areas under oilseed crops and diversification of area from low yielding cereals. It aims to achieve the required target by addressing major constraints to crop productivity through promotion of relevant technological interventions.|
|Seed Village scheme (SVP)||The Seed Village scheme ensures supply of quality certified seed of notified varieties to the farmers in time at their places at affordable prices besides ensuring quick multiplication of new seed varieties in a shorter time in that mandal /district based on the crop situation.|
|Polambadi||The basic objective of programme is to promote an eco-friendly environment including usage of Bio-agents and Bio-pesticides for controlling pest which in turn reduce the cost of cultivation and improve the field knowledge of the farmers . The Main principles of Polambadi are : 1.Grow a healthy crop, 2.Conserve natural enemies, 3.Conduct regular (weekly) field observations, 4.Farmers understand ecology as expert in their own field.|
|Polam Pilusthondi||The objective of Polam Pilusthondi programme is to disseminate the agricultural and allied department technologies to the door steps of the farmers. Agricultural and allied departmental officers along with the scientist will visit the villages (two villages per day) on every Tuesday and Wednesday and explain about the ongoing schemes and measures through wide publicity in local print and electronic media to take up to improve the crop yields.|
|INM||To improve quality and quantity of yields by rectifying the deficiency in soils.|
|Soil health Cards (SHCs)||
|Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF)||
To reduce excess usage of chemicals pesticides & fertilizers.
Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF) is a farming practice that believes in natural growth of crops without adding any fertilizers and pesticides or any other foreign elements. The word Zero Budget refers to the zero net cost of production of all crops (inter crops, border crops, multi crops). The inputs used for seed treatments and other inoculations are locally available in the form of cow dung and cow urine. A ZBNF practicisng farmer has lower cost of inputs and thus has better capacity to increase the incomes. At the same time, ZBNF crops helps in retaining soil fertiliting and is climate change resilient.
|Farm mechanisation (SMAM, SDP, RKVY)||Reduces the cost of cultivation, hepls in timely operations particulary at the peak time of agricultural operations, reduces farmer drudgery and also helps in increases yields.|
|Official Designation:||Joint Director, Agriculture|
|Official Designation:||Dy. Director Agriculture|
|Official Designation:||Dy. Director Agriculture|