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Agriculture information

Vizianagaram District is predominantly an agricultural district as 68.4% of the workers are engaged in Agriculture and about 82% of the population of the District is living in Rural area s and depend on agriculture for their livelihood. Rainfed farming is the characteristic of Agriculture in the District as about 80% of its area is cultivated purely under Rainfed conditions. Even the rest of the area which is termed as irrigated area is mostly dependent on the rainfall received in the District.

In view of the unassured irrigation conditions in the district majority of crops grown are dry crops. The major crops grown in the District are Paddy, Ragi, Bajra, Sugarcane, Pulses, Mestha, Cotton, Maize, Korre Chillies, Seasonal Tobbaco and Groundnut. Paddy crop is cultivated mainly during Kharif season with 80% of its area under tankfed conditions which in turn depend on the local rainfall. The average yields obtained in the district are low due to the erratic rainfall generally received in the district.

Agriculture Department

The Department of Agriculture has been created mainly to provide Agricultural Extension services to farmers and to transfer the latest technical knowledge to the farming community, introduction of high yielding varieties, laying demonstrations, imparting training to farmers to improve skills & knowledge to boost up the agricultural Production and productivity.

In the process of making the mission a reality, the department is adopting following strategies:

  • Sustained and coordinated efforts” for facilitating a second green revolution and device strategies for optimum use of natural resources to create new avenues in Agriculture for livelihood and strengthen the rural areas. Government site-specific system to ensure that at least a part of the fallow lands are brought under cultivation by increasing irrigation sources. New seed technology and post harvest technology are need to be addressed.Involvement of marginal and small farmers in crop diversification and food security are the important aspects to be addressed in accelerating crop diversification in the State.
  • Credit provides necessary liquidity and insurance provides command over resource to the farming community.
  • Provision of banking facilities in un-banked and under banked areas, financial inclusion, SHG bank-linkage programme, financing rural godowns and agricultural Infrastructure are the thrust areas.
  • Re-engineering extension approach for effective extension reach
  • Empowering the farmer with advance agricultural practices
  • Capacity enhancement of Departmental Staff for an efficient extension of technology.
  • Ensuring timely input supply.
  • Regulation of inputs and quality control.
  • Soil test based fertilizer recommendation
  • Promotion of self- reliance in seed production among farmers.
  • Promotion of Integrated Crop Management through INM, IPM, efficient water management, etc.
  • Correcting Micronutrient Zinc deficiency
  • Reclamation of Problematic soils to restore the productivity.
  • Natural Resource Management through watershed approach for agricultural land development and environmental stability
  • Calamity Management in the event of drought, floods, hailstorms etc.
  • Promoting cultivation of low risk and low cost intensive crops.
  • Promoting Farmers Organization (Rythu Mithra Groups) for technical and monitory benefits in Agriculture and allied activities.
  • Facilitate the farmer to avail Agriculture Credit.

The Infrastructure:

The Departments has a strong chain of human resources consisting of more than 4000 extension staff of field and supervisory cadre. The staff is periodically oriented with the advance technology emerging from time to time by re-engineering through trainings, workshops, interactions etc., in addition, the department supports a number of Farmers Training Centers, laboratories, Farmers Field Schools etc., to equip the farmer with necessary deal and knowledge for successful agriculture

Allied Departments

The research support to the Department is endowed by the State Agriculture University and the National and International Institutes. The input support is solicited through various autonomous bodies like APSSDC, APAIDC, APMARKFED, APOILFED, HACA etc., The other eco-coordinating Departments are Horticulture, Sericulture, Fisheries,Animal Husbandry, Irrigation, Forests, Rain ShadowArea Development and Power.Financial support is rendered by NABARD and other Banks, not only to land owning farmers but also to tenant farmers.

Staff Pattern

District level:
At the District level the Department is headed by Joint Director of Agriculture and assisted by DDAs ADAs and AOs at District, Division and Mandal levels.

Agriculture Division level:
The Divisional ADA is the head of the Agriculture division and assisted by the agricultural officers at the mandal level. There are 12 divisions in the District

Mandal Level:
In all the 34 Rural and Urban mandals of the district , atleast one Agriculture Officer is working in each mandal. These AOs are assisted by few Agricultural Extension Officers in the field work.

Schemes

Scheme Objective
Chandranna Rythu Kshetram (CRKs) The objective of Chandranna Rythu Kshetram is the new On Farm Demonstration programme implemented in the farmers field it self to promote best agronomic and farm management practices for achieving increase in productivity and reducing cost of cultivation. Rs.50,000/- worth of inputs supplied to beneficaries.
National Mission on oilseeds (NMOOP)  NMOOP envisages increase in production of vegetable oils sourced from Oil seeds.To increasing production and productivity of oilseeds crops and oil palm through bringing in fallow areas under oilseed crops and diversification of area from low yielding cereals. It aims to achieve the required target by addressing major constraints to crop productivity through promotion of relevant technological interventions.
Seed Village scheme (SVP) The Seed Village scheme ensures supply of quality certified seed of notified varieties to the farmers in time at their places at affordable prices besides ensuring quick multiplication of new seed varieties in a shorter time in that mandal /district based on the crop situation.
Polambadi The basic objective of programme is to promote an eco-friendly environment including usage of Bio-agents and Bio-pesticides for controlling pest which in turn reduce the cost of cultivation and improve the field knowledge of the farmers . The Main principles of Polambadi are : 1.Grow a healthy crop, 2.Conserve natural enemies, 3.Conduct regular (weekly) field observations, 4.Farmers understand ecology as expert in their own field.
 Polam Pilusthondi The objective of Polam Pilusthondi programme is to disseminate the agricultural and allied department technologies to the door steps of the farmers. Agricultural and allied departmental officers along with the scientist will visit the villages (two villages per day) on every Tuesday and Wednesday and explain about the ongoing schemes and measures through wide publicity in local print and electronic media to take up to improve the crop yields.
INM To improve quality and quantity of yields by rectifying the deficiency in soils.
Soil health Cards (SHCs)
  • To provide a basis to address nutrient deficiencies in fertilization practices.
  • To strengthen functioning of Soil Testing Laboratories (STLs) through capacity building.
  • To diagnose soil fertility related constraints with standardized procedures.
  • To develop and promote soil test based nutrient management.
  • Dissemination of soil testing results through SMSs will be enabled
Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF) 

To reduce excess usage of chemicals pesticides & fertilizers.

Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF) is a farming practice that believes in natural growth of crops without adding any fertilizers and pesticides or any other foreign elements. The word Zero Budget refers to the zero net cost of production of all crops (inter crops, border crops, multi crops). The inputs used for seed treatments and other inoculations are locally available in the form of cow dung and cow urine. A ZBNF practicisng farmer has lower cost of inputs and thus has better capacity to increase the incomes. At the same time, ZBNF crops helps in retaining soil fertiliting and is climate change resilient.

Farm mechanisation (SMAM, SDP, RKVY) Reduces the cost of cultivation, hepls in timely operations particulary at the peak time of agricultural operations, reduces farmer drudgery and also helps in increases yields.

Important Contacts

Official Designation: Joint Director, Agriculture
Email ID:  jdavzm16@gmail.com
Contact number: 8886612636
Official Designation: Dy. Director Agriculture
Email ID: jdavzm16@gmail.com
Contact number: 8886612639
Official Designation: Dy. Director Agriculture
Email ID: davzm16@gmail.com
Contact number: 8886613733


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