YSR District (formerly known as Kadapa District) is said to be the heart of the Rayalaseema as it is centrally located and well connected with the 4 districts of Rayalaseema. The District has a glorious history and a rich cultural heritage.
It is located at a distance of 377.5 Km from the Capital Amaravathi and is 8 kilometres south of thePenna River. The city is surrounded on three sides by the Nallamala and Palakonda hills. The city is nicknamed Gadapa (which means ‘Threshold’) because it is the gateway from the west to the sacred hills of Tirumala, which is known for its connections toVenkateswara Swamy.
The climate here is tropical. In winter, there is much less rainfall in Kadapa than in summer. In Kadapa, the average annual temperature is 29.2 °C.
According to the 2011 census of India Kadapa District has a population of 2,884,524, Hindus are 48.7%, Muslims are 50% & Christians are 2.3%. The district has a population density of 188 inhabitants per square kilometre (490/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 10.87%. Kadapa district has a sex ratio of 984 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 67.88%.
The main rivers in this district are Penna, Chitravathi, Papaghni, Sagileru, Bahuda and Cheyyeru.
Besides its historical importance, the district has occupied an important place in the industrial map of Andhra Pradesh with its valuable mineral resources.
Soil types include Black corson soil lands 24%, black soil 19%, sandy soil lands 4% and red soil lands 25%.
‘Korra’, orange, lime and betel leaf are the special crops. They are cultivated near river beds. Starting at Sunkesula Dam on Tungabadra river K. C. Canal flows through Kadapa and Kurnool districts providing water to 40 km² of cultivable land.
The main source of drinking water to this district is Galeru Nagari Sujala Sravanthi Project Canal.
The district is the repository of mineral wealth. There are barytes deposits in Mangampet and clay deposits in Rajampet. This is used to make stone implements. Limestone is available in Yerraguntla. National Mineral Development Corporation is extracting asbestos in Brahmanpalli and barytes in Mangampet. Kadapa is also famous for its stone called “kadapa stone” used in building construction and for slabs especially in south India. In Tummalapalle, there are 49,000 tonnes of confirmed uranium deposits which are mined and processed locally.
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