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Overview of the Bijapur District

Overview of the Bijapur District

Bijapur district is one of the twenty seven districts of Chhattisgarh state and Bijapur city is the administrative headquarters of this district.It was earlier a part of Dantewada district. Bijapur district is located in the southern part of the state of Chhattisgarh.This district is part of its parent district to the north and north-east, that is, from Dantewada district.The district is located in the east of Dantewada district of Chhattisgarh state, on the lower half of the south and west of the state of Andhra Pradesh and the remaining western part of the state of Maharashtra The total area of ​​the district is about 6562.48 square kilometers. Its four block divisions are Bijapur, Bhairamgarh, Bhopalpatnam and Usur. There are hills in most part of the district.The highest peak of the district is Bailadila, which is also known as "the hump of the bull".This district is situated to the south of the Indravati River and flows towards the north-south. Bijapur district is rich in forests. Are covered under arid zone which includes mixed forest area. Mixed forests are very widespread in the arid region which extends between the moist and intermediate belts but is generally confined to the western half and southern parts of the district. Trees of mixed variety are found here like Dhavara (Enojisus latifolia), Birra (Chloroxylon Swithenia), Rahini (Soymida faberfuga) and others like Char, Tendu, Aonia, Aola, Harra, Hari etc.

In rocky areas, trees are usually blocked and deformed. Salty, Hangu, Khair, Harra, Pal, Sesam etc. mango trees are found in the rocky area. The forests of the northern part of the district include greens (Tectona grandis), sal (Shorora-basta), Sirsa (Dalbergia latifolia), bijnal (Petocarpus marsupium), kusum (Scalichra trizuga), pal (Butea frondosa), mahua (Bassia latifolia) leopard (Diaspoyus melanoxylon), Harra (Terminalia chebula) Aola (Phyllanthus imblica) Punna (Terminal Tontosa), Kauha (T. Arjuna), Salai (Boswellia sarantata), Char (Buchanania Tifolia) etc. trees are found.

Mango trees are found in the vicinity of the village population, of which there is no mention here. Palm has an important place in the domestic economy of the people.Locally known as the palm tree (borsua flabellifer) grows extensively in the southwest. The next most important one is the Sulfi (Carietta Urance).Unlike the palm tree (palm), sulfi is not an elaborate species and grows in the shady valleys of lush plains under pressure from the hills. It thrives best in the central regions of the district. Salfi produces a juice, which is known by the name Salfi itself and provides a delicious juice Other date palm trees are wild dates (Phoenix silvestis) and P. acoulis, locally known as Chhind and Buta Chhind (P.Farinifera). Koa is obtained from the stem of this Buta Chhind which is a dessert for the tribes.

The district is famous for its rich wildlife as the forests cover much of Ghana.Tiger and leopard are found throughout the forest.The reason for the tiger and leopard turning into man-eating is notorious, apparently due to lack of trees, natural food in the forest and absence of cattle.The nearest airport is at Raipur and the railway station is at Dantewada.Bijapur is connected by road to Dantewada, Raipur and Visakhapatnam.Its headquarters are located in Bijapur, which is about 90 km south of Dantewada district The river is the main geographical feature of Indravati district, it flows across the southern boundary with a tortuous course.

Demography

According to general information, Bijapur District - Census 2011 and District Statistical Handbood 2013-14.

General information name Description of general information
District formation date  01-05-2007
Location - Latitude 18.86080 N
Location longitude 80.72140 P
Language 6 (Gondi, Telugu, Dorli, Hindi, Marathi, Halbi)
MP Constituency  10 Bastar (ST)
MLA Constituency  89 Bijapure (ST)
gross area 6562.48 Km
Total number of villages 699 Villages
Inhabited Village 575 Villages
Outcast villages 123 Villages
totoal population 2,55,230
Male 1,26,663
Female 1,26,567
Sex ratio 984
Population density 39 Sq Km
Decade Population Growth Rate 8.76%
Literacy rate 41.58%
Male literacy 50.52%
Female literacy 31.10%
District Hospital 1 (Bijapur)
Community Health Center 5 (Bijapur, Bhairamgarh, Bhopalpatnam, Usur, Nellasanar)
Primary Health Center 10
Sub Health center 87
Ayurvedic Hospital  25
Police  21
Police subdivision 05
The Prison 1
Forest department 01 (Bijapur)
College 03 (Bijapur, Bhairamgarh, Bhopalpatnam)
Polytechnic College 01 (Bijapur)
Iti 02 (bijapur, Bhairamgarh)
Upper secondary school 27
High School 14
Middle School 178
Primary School 741
Pre matric hostel 40
Post matric hostel 09
Ashram School 137
Kasturba Gandhi Girls Residential School 04 (Bijapur, Bhairamgarh, Bhopalpatnam, Usur)
Pota Cabin 30
Number of power villages 451
Intergrated Tribal Development Project  01
Annual Rainfal (Average) 1,407.7 mm
Farmer 66504
Family employee 454
Other workers 15,088
Key worker 69,338
Marginal worker 65,187
Non worker  1,20,705
Total staff 1,34,525
Agricultural produce market 01 (Bijapur)
Intergrated Child Development Project 06 (Bijapur, Bhairamgarh, kutru, Bhopalpatnam, Usur, Basaguda)
Number of development block 04
Total number of Gram Panchayat 169 (Bijapur-36, Bhairamgarh-59, Bhopalpatnam-35 and Usur-39)
Muncipality  01 (Bijapur)
Nagar Panchayat 02 (Bhairamgarh, Bhopalpatnam)
Tehsil 04
Number of revenue subdivison 02
Patwari light 83
Revenue Inspector Circle 4
National Highway 02 (NH-63 (Jagdalpur-Bijapur-Nizamabad), NH-163 (Bhopalpatnam - Taralaguda))
Petrol pump  02 (Bijapur)
Fair price shop 171


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