Surrounded by forests and mountains of Jharkhand province, the Palamu area is full of natural beauty and historical-mythological sites.
Hussainabad subdivision’s Mohammedganj is also included in this area. This is where the legendary Bhima Stove is located. According to the legends, this is the same 5,000-year-old stove, on which Bhima used to make food. This stove made of boulders on the banks of the Koyal river is a silent witness of the stoppage in Pandavas’ area. The famous Bhima Chulha is located near Mohammed Ganj Barrage. The elephant discovered in the stone near the hill near the Bhim Chulha is also visible.
Lying between 83°50' and 84 °36' E longitudes and 23°25' and 23°55' N latitudes, the Palamau Wildlife Sanctuary was initially created over a forest area of 979.97 Sq. Km. and since then an area of 226.32 Sq. Km. of this sanctuary has been notified as Betla National Park.
Both the areas have been included in the Palamau Tiger Reserve created under Project Tiger. The annual temperature here varies from 4° to 50°C and the mean annual rainfall is 1075 mm. The area is drained by the North Koel and its tributary, the Burha river.
Forests here are of Dry as well as Moist Deciduous types with bamboo brakes. Besides diverse herbs, shrubs and grasses, the important tree species are Sal, Asan, Sidha, Semal, Karam, Chilbil, Kusum, Bherhul, Dhaura, Khair, Salai etc. The sanctuary is rich in flora and fauna with 47 species of mammals, 174 species of birds, 970 species of flora including 25 species of climbers, 46 species of shrubs in addition to herbs, grasses etc. Tiger, Leopard, Elephant, Gaur, Sambhar, Cheetal, Barking Deer, Sloth Bear, Nilgai, Wild Dog, Wolf, Hyaena etc and varieties of reptiles and beautiful birds can be sighted here without much effort.
Once ruled by the Chero Kings, the sanctuary also has many historical monuments and forts, deep inside Betla forests on the banks of the Auranga river. Other attractions nearby are Lodh and Sugabandh Water Falls and Tataha Hot-water Spring.