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Overview of the Kandhamal District

Overview of the Kandhamal District

Kandhamal revenue district came into existence on 1st January, 1994, after Phulbani District was divided into Kandhamal and Boudh Districts of Odisha. The District lies between 19 degree 34’ to 20 degree 36’ north latitude and 83 degree 34’ to 84 degree 34’ east longitude.

Kandhamal District is very much famous for handicrafts such as Dokra, Terra–Cotta, Cane and Bamboo works. The region is proud of its rich cultural heritage.

Climate

Kandhamal experiences sub tropical hot and dry climate in summer. Dry and cold climate in winter. The maximum temperature recorded in the District is 45.5 degree C and minimum temperature is 2.0 degree C. The average annual rainfall recorded is 1522.95 mm. The Kandhamal district covering a geographical area of 7654 sq kms is bounded by Boudh district in the North, by Rayagada district in the South, by Ganjam and Nayagarh districts in the East and Kalahandi District in the west.

Geography

Physiographically, the entire district lies in high altitude zone with inter spreading inaccessible terrain of hilly ranges and narrow valley tracts, which guides the socio–economic conditions of people and development of the district. Kandhamal District is located in central Odisha and is bounded by Boudh District on the north, Rayagada District on the south, Ganjam and Nayagarh Districts on the East and Kalahandi District on the west. This District is located between 19’34 & 20’36 north latitude and 83’34 & 84’34 east longitude and covers an area of 7654 sq.km. 

The Kandhamal is bestowed with the beauty of nature. It has wild life, scenic beauty, healthy climate, and serpentine ghat roads for the tourists. It has attractions, like panoramic coffee gardens, pine jungles, Ghat roads, hills and water falls, virgin forest and typical tribal village life. Almost 66 percent of the land area of the District is covered with dense forests and towering mountains rich in green meadows at the attitude of 2000 feet to 3000 feet, the terraced valleys thronged with these colourful tribal in their natural heritage, dancing and sporting has its own appeal.

Agriculture

The soil in the District is mostly Red– laterite group, having organic matters contents. As such, the water holding capacity is very low. The PH value of the soil varies 5.3 to 6.5, which is acidic in nature. The big chunk of land consists of red–laterite sandy loam soils being exposed to constant soil erosion and run off devoid of humus contents render in fertile and turn into barren wastelands. The important crops grown in the District during Kharif season is Paddy, Maize and Niger. In irrigated areas, crops like Potato, Vegetable and Mustard are grown.

Kandhamal is endowed with vast minor forest and agricultural produces which incidentally form the basis of its industry.The District has many cottage and agro based industry that process forest and agricultural produce. It also possesses abundant graphite reserves in Tumdibandha Block.

Economy

Kandhamal is one of the most backward districts of Odisha with 47.2 percent of households in BPL category as recorded in the year 2000 (District Annual Plan Document, 2013-14, Kandhamal). The district has an agriculture-based economy and agriculture, horticulture, animal husbandry, forest produce trading, and tourism are the mainstays of the economy. It has the lowest population density and is dominated by tribal populations. The district is major producer of ginger, turmeric and has created a name for itself in India for spice cultivation. It contributes to the state economy through the production of cups and plates stitched out of Sal leaves besides other Non-timber forest products (NTFP) products.

The district economy is dominated by agriculture and allied sectors including horticulture, animal husbandry, fisheries, and forestry. Land is an important asset and land-based activities are key livelihood activities. According to the Forest Survey of India Report, 2011, 68.18 percent of the district geographical area is under forest cover. Minor forest products, viz., Tamarind, Hill brooms, Fibres, Oilseeds, Kendu leaves, Medicinal plants, Fruits, Roots, Gums, Tuber, Flowers, Jhuna, etc. are plenty available in the district due to large forest base. The district topography makes 70 percent of the land unproductive agriculturally. The district climate is suitable for horticulture and it is known for turmeric, ginger and honey (forest-based and cultured in some places). It is found that Agriculture, horticulture, tourism, forestry and micro-enterprises are the major sectors that are going to be the growth drivers for the district.

Demography

Kandhamal has 2 subdivisions viz. Phulbani, and Balliguda; with 12 tehsils, 12 blocks and 153 Gram Panchayats. As per 2011 census, its population was 7,33,110 comprising 3,59,945 Male and 3,73,165 Female population.

Kandhamal District Demographic Details

Description  Number Description  Number
Area 7649 sq.km Sub-Divisions  2
No. of Tahasils 12 No. of Zilla Parishad  18 
No. of Panchayat Samiti 12 No. of Gram Panchayats  171 
No. of Municipal Corporation 1 No. of Notified Area Council 
Population 7,33,110 No. of Villages  2,515 
Total Males (Population) 3,59,945 Total females (Population)  3,73,165 
Urban Males (Population) 36,422 Urban Females (Population)  35,857 
Rural Males (Population) 3,23,523 Rural Females (Population)  3,37,308 
Population Males (SC) 15.83% 56.987) Population Females (SC)  15.69% (58,557) 
Population Males (ST) 52.93% (21,90,506) Population Females (ST) 54.22% (2,02,314) 
Literacy Rate Males 76.93% (2,33,900) Literacy Rate Females 51.94% (1,65,886) 
Sex Ratio (Females per 1000 Males) 1037  Density (Total Persons Per sq km)  91 

Last Modified : 9/16/2020



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