The most part of Meghalaya comes under the Sixth Schedule to the Constitution of India, which is a kind of mini Constitution governing the administration of tribal areas of the north-eastern part of our country, aimed at granting some kind of autonomy to the tribal populace so that they could be guided by their customary laws and practices and not be pushed to conform to a modern system of governance where they might not be able to negotiate their own liberal political space and to grow according to their own genius. It provides for administration of certain tribal areas as autonomous entities.
Article 244 of the Constitution of India provides for Administration of scheduled Areas and Tribal Areas. The Constitution of India makes special provisions for the administration of the tribal dominated areas in four states viz. Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram. As per article 244 and 6th Schedule, these areas are called “Tribal Areas “, which are technically different from the Scheduled Areas under fifth schedule. Presently, the State of Meghalaya has three such Councils, namely, Khasi Hills Autonomous District Council, Jaintia Hills Autonomous District Council and Garo Hills Autonomous District Council.
Needless to say, litigation within the tribal areas and party or parties involved are tribals. A good number of cases filed in the High Court also concerned tribal issues. These cases needs to be dealt with in line with the traditional customs and usages. Keeping in view the objectives of the Sixth Schedule and the need to dispense justice in consonance with the traditional customs and usages in the State, a dedicated Bench was constituted in the High Court of Meghalaya for taking up these matters.
Other best practices adopted in the High Court of Meghalaya includes the following:
The High Court enjoys full autonomy of working. The day to day administrative functions of the High Court are carried out by the Registry comprising of the Registrar General, Registrars, Joint Registrars, Deputy Registrars, Assistant Registrars and other officers who act under the direct orders and supervision of the Hon’ble the Chief Justice and the Hon’ble Administrative Judges. It can appoint its administration staff and determine their salaries and allowances, and conditions of service. Some of the best practices/ICT initiatives of the High Court include the following:
Source : e-Committee, Supreme Court of India
Last Modified : 5/17/2022
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