The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), New Delhi is the apex body in India for the formulation, coordination, and promotion of biomedical research. It is one of the oldest medical research bodies in the world.
The first meeting of the Governing Body of the Indian Research Fund Association (IRFA) was held on 15th November 1911 (at the Plague Laboratory, Bombay, under the Chairmanship of Sir Harcourt Butler). Articles of the Association were considered and a Scientific Advisory Board was constituted at the same meeting.
At the second meeting in 1912 of the Governing Body, a historic decision was taken to start a journal for Indian Medical Research.
The Indian Journal of Medical Research was started in 1913-14 (under the authority of the Director-General, Indian Medical Services).
The following initiatives were started during the period 1918 - 1920:
In 1925, research on nutritional diseases was started at Coonoor (by Col. McCarrison under 'Deficiency Diseases Enquiry').
In 1926, IRFA received the first munificent public contribution of Rs. 1 lakh from the Maharaja of Parla Kimedi.
In 1927, fructification of the plans of Lt. Col. S.R. Christophers for creation of a Central Malaria Organization as "Malaria Survey of India" (by absorbing the Central Malaria Bureau at Kasauli and the Enquiries on Quinine and Malaria and Indian Culicidae). An Experimental Malaria Station was set up at Karnal as a part of Malaria Survey of India.
In 1929, the 'Deficiency Diseases Enquiry' was converted into a Centre of Nutrition Research (with Col. McCarrison as its first Director).
In 1932, the Governing Body of IRFA completed the task of setting up the Institute of Hygiene and Public Health at Calcutta.
In 1937, a course of training in nutrition was started at the Nutrition Research Laboratories at Coonoor. "The Nutritive Value of Indian Foods and Planning of Satisfactory Diets" was prepared (which has now been reprinted repeatedly).
IRFA was registered as a local body not administered by the Government on 22nd March 1938 under the Government of India Act No. XXI of 1860. In tune with the recommendation of the Conference of Far Eastern Countries on Rural Hygiene held in Java in 1937, the Government of India decided that the Nutrition Advisory Committee of the IRFA should also function as the National Nutrition Committee for India. The "Malaria Survey of India" was re-designated as the "Malaria Institute of India". "The Records of the Malaria Survey of India" was re-designated as the "Journal of the Malaria Institute of India" (which subsequently became the Indian Journal of Malariology in 1947).
In 1941, a Research Fellowship Scheme was started by IRFA.
In 1942, the transmission cycle of the parasite of Kala-azar was elucidated by Swaminath, Smith, Shortt and Anderson.
In 1945, a Clinical Research Advisory Committee was appointed as a first step to enable greater attention being paid to clinical research and the development of research in medical colleges. A Clinical Research Unit (the first research unit of IRFA attached to a medical institution) was established at the Indian Cancer Research Centre, Bombay.
In 1948, Dr. C.G. Pandit was appointed as the first full-time secretary of IRFA in July 1948.
In 1949, IRFA was re-designated as the Indian Council of Medical Research (with Dr. C.G. Pandit as its first Director). The ICMR is funded by the Government of India through the Department of Health Research, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare.
Translating Research into Action for Improving the Health of the Population.
The Governing Body of ICMR is presided over by the Union Health Minister. It is assisted in scientific and technical matters by a Scientific Advisory Board comprising eminent experts in different biomedical disciplines. The Board, in its turn, is assisted by a series of Scientific Advisory Groups, Scientific Advisory Committees, Expert Groups, Task Forces, Steering Committees etc. which evaluate and monitor different research activities of the Council.
ICMR has made an outstanding contribution as a knowledge-generating agency and contributed to understanding various diseases of national importance such as malaria, Japanese encephalitis, tuberculosis, AIDS, Kala-azar, filariasis, leprosy and poliomyelitis. Additionally, ICMR has made extensive contributions in the areas of nutrition, reproduction and maternal and child health, occupational and environmental health and research complimenting health systems. ICMR regional medical research institutes/centres have been contributing to tackling regional health problems.
Training and capacity building of young investigators, medical and allied health professionals and providing funding support for research projects to investigators all over the country are other very unique and significant contributions of ICMR.
ICMR continues to provide extramural funding to strengthen research capabilities within the institutes of the council as well as other research institutes, medical colleges and Non-Governmental Organizations for various research projects. It promotes extramural research through different schemes such as Centres for Advanced Research in chosen research areas, task force studies with the goal-oriented approach and clearly defined targets and grants-in-aid to stand-alone research applications received from various parts of the country.
Human Resource Development for biomedical research is supported by ICMR through various schemes such as:
|Name of Institute||Website|
|ICMR National JALMA Institute for Leprosy & Other Mycobacterial Diseases (NJILOMD), Agra||www.jalma-icmr.org.in|
|ICMR National Institute of Occupational Health (NIOH), Ahmedabad||www.nioh.org|
|ICMR National Institute of Traditional Medicine, Belagavi (NITM), Nehru Nagar||www.icmrnitm.res.in|
|ICMR National Centre for Disease Informatics and Research (NCDIR), Bengaluru||www.ncdirindia.org|
|ICMR Bhopal Memorial Hospital & Research Center (BMHRC), Bhopal||www.bmhrc.ac.in|
|ICMR National Institute for Research in Environmental Health (NIREH), Bhopal||www.nireh.icmr.org.in|
|ICMR National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis (NIRT), Chennai||www.nirt.res.in|
|ICMR National Institute of Epidemiology (NIE), Chennai||www.nie.gov.in|
|ICMR National Institute of Pathology (NIP), New Delhi||www.instpath.gov.in|
|ICMR National Institute of Medical Statistics (NIMS), New Delhi||www.icmr-nims.nic.in|
|ICMR National Institute of Malaria Research (NIMR), New Delhi||www.nimr.org.in|
|ICMR National Animal Resource Facility for Biomedical Research (NARFBR), Hyderabad||www.narfbr.org|
|ICMR National Institute of Nutrition (NIN), Hyderabad||www.nin.res.in|
|ICMR National Institute for Research in Tribal Health (NIRTH), Jabalpur||www.nirth.res.in|
|ICMR National Institute for Implementation Research on Non-Communicable Diseases (NIIRNCD), Jodhpur||www.dmrcjodhpur.nic.in|
|ICMR National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases (NICED), Kolkata||www.niced.org.in|
|ICMR National Institute of Immunohaematology (NIIH), Mumbai||www.niih.org.in|
|ICMR National Institute for Research in Reproductive Health (NIRRH), Mumbai||www.nirrh.res.in|
|ICMR National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Research (NICPR), Noida||www.nicpr.res.in|
|ICMR Rajendra Memorial Research Institute of Medical Sciences (RMRIMS), Patna||www.rmrims.org.in|
|ICMR Vector Control Research Centre (VCRC), Puducherry||www.vcrc.res.in|
|ICMR National AIDS Research Institute (ICMR NARI), Pune||www.nari-icmr.res.in|
|ICMR National Institute of Virology (NIV), Pune||www.niv.co.in|
|Regional Medical Research Centres|
|ICMR Regional Medical Research Centre (RMRC), Bhubaneswar||www.rmrcbbsr.gov.in|
|ICMR Regional Medical Research Centre, NE Region (RMRC), Dibrugarh||www.rmrcne.org.in|
|ICMR Regional Medical Research Centre (RMRC), Gorakhpur||www.rmrcgkp.icmr.org.in|
|ICMR Regional Medical Research Centre (RMRC), Port Blair||www.rmrc.res.in|
|Centres under Institutes|
|ICMR Regional Occupational Health Centre (Southern) (NIOH), Bengaluru||www.nioh.org|
|ICMR Centre for Research, Management & Control of Heamoglobinopathies (NIIH), Chandrapur||www.niih.org.in|
|ICMR Regional Occupational Health Centre, Eastern (NIOH), Kolkata||www.nioh.org|
|ICMR Centre for Research in Medical Entomology VCRC, Madurai||www.vcrc.res.in|
Network of 26 Institutes
Clinical Trial Registry India (CTRI)
National Cancer Registry Programme
Surveillance Networks (IDSP, Rotavirus, Polio, Antimicrobial Resistance etc.)
Identified the priority areas, conducted research in a multicentre mode and found effective, practical, economically viable and sustainable solutions for the plethora of nutrition-related problems affecting people
Nutritive value of Indian Foods and Food Fortification are landmark achievements of ICMR
Support in Outbreak/Epidemics/Pandemics/National Emergencies
Provides Inputs for Policy Implementation
Isolation/characterization of new pathogens
Research support to medical colleges all over the country
Generate and nurture human resources for health research activities through various fellowships:
The scheme CARE was formulated to encourage in-depth research on an identified research problem with the aim of generating new knowledge and having a better understanding of a disease or a health condition. The activities could focus on one or multiple aspects like causation, progression, management, and prevention
A scientist with outstanding achievements and recognition in a given field can approach ICMR with a specific proposal. Alternatively, the ICMR identifies the specific research need and calls for applications from selected individuals/centres in the country which have proven excellence in the area and have the necessary infrastructure to carry out further work.
Indian Journal of Medical Research
The Indian Journal of Medical Research (IJMR) [ISSN 0971-5916] is one of the oldest medical Journals not only in India but probably in Asia, as it started in the year 1913. The Journal was started as a quarterly (4 issues/year) in 1913 and made bimonthly (6 issues/year) in 1958. It became monthly (12 issues/year) in the year 1964. The Journal is being indexed and abstracted by all major global current awareness and alerting services.
The IJMR is published monthly, in 2 volumes and 12 issues per year. The IJMR publishes peer reviewed quality biomedical research in the form of original research articles, review articles, short papers and short notes. Research letters are also published in the corresponding section after peer review Special issues and Supplements are published in addition to the regular issues.
Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
National Institute of Malaria Research on behalf of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) publishes the Journal of Vector Borne Diseases. This Journal was earlier published as the Indian Journal of Malariology, a peer reviewed and open access biomedical journal in the field of vector borne diseases. The Journal publishes review articles, original research articles, short research communications, case reports of prime importance, letters to the editor in the field of vector borne diseases and their control. The Journal is published quarterly in the months of March, June, September and December in each calendar year.