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Model of Learning Enhancement for Students Having Limited Access or Very Basic Technological Devices

Model of Learning Enhancement for Students Having Limited Access or Very Basic Technological Devices

The school education system in India encompasses a student population that is larger than the population of each of the countries located in the European and African continents,having more than 240 million students and 8.5 million teachers across primary, upper-primary, secondary and senior-secondary stages.

The COVID-19 pandemic has forced the closure of schools, and students and teachers have been confined in their homes. Due to closure of schools, the course of formal learning in the form of teaching-learning of curriculum, including academic calendar, has been disturbed. However, the nature of learning is such that it never stops. Learning occurs naturally with interaction with nature, objects and individuals; sometimes with the learner not even realising it.

During the pandemic, formal learning that takes place in schools in the form of face-to-face interaction between teachers and students as well as among the fellow learners, has been replaced by the use of various alternative modes–online, TV, mobile, radio, textbooks, etc.

The States/UTs and Ministry of Education have been making efforts for providing education to children at their homes through alternate means of delivery such as, distribution of textbooks at homes of learners, telephonic guidance by teachers, online and digital content through various media, online classes conducted by the teachers, activity based learning through the Alternate Academic Calendar released by NCERT, etc.

The alternative modes, though praiseworthy, have certain limitations. The alternative modes do not ensure equitable quality learning for all students due to various factors such as unequal distribution of time of teachers, students having differential access to technological devices, and lack of support for learning at homes in several cases. As a result, closure of schools is likely to lead to loss of learning and deficiencies in the achievement of students‟ learning outcomes.

The ensuing suggestions for Learning Enhancement (LE) during the challenging times of the COVID-19 pandemic have been prepared to address the issues related to gaps and/or loss of learning among students, during and after the lockdown, by the Ministry of Education through NCERT for children having Limited Digital Learning Device (LDLD Group).

Objectives

  • To reach out to students who do not have any digital device for providing learning opportunities.
  • To provide need-based interventions for enhancing learning of such children during school closure.
  • To provide support for bridging learning gaps with additional interventions when schools reopen.
  • To monitor every group of schools - whether government, government aided or private schools affiliated to the state secondary board or any other board – to ensure that no child in the state/UT is left behind.

Suggested Activities for LDLD group

The Alternative Academic Calendar developed by NCERT is complete in itself for any kind of learners, including LDLD. Several activities can be done at home under the guidance of teachers, with the help of resources commonly available at every home. Following is a summary of the learning activities for LDLD:

Classes/Subjects Learning Opportunities to be Provided Modalities

Classes-I to V Subjects

For classes I-II Languages and Mathematics (Environmental Concerns are integrated across these two subject areas)

For classes III-V

Languages and Mathematics and Environmental Studies (EVS)

Content/Activities

Learning outcome-based 

  • Activities which can be done by the children at home
  • Listening to and reading interesting Stories
  • Challenging daily life related mathematical problems in the form of games 

Language Skills

  • Focus will be on listening, speaking and reading (Parents may be asked to observe and give feedback to teachers)
  • Small writing exercises must be given only when child himself/herself wants to write.

Fitness and Creativity

  • Age appropriate physical activities integrated with music and dance
  • Drawing/Painting activities
  • Competencies

Guidelines/Document for support-

Alternative Academic Calendar developed by the NCERT includes detailed guidelines about conducting learning outcome-based activities

PRAGYATA- Guidelines for Digital Education developed by the NCERT, released by the Ministry of Education: Class Recommendation – 

Pre-Primary

On a given day for interacting with parents and guiding them, not more than 30 minutes.

Classes 1 to 8 Online synchronous learning may be undertaken for not more than two sessions of 30-45 minutes each on the days the States/UTs decide to have online classes for primary sections

Use of Energized Textbooks

At present textbooks generally have QR codes which contain many e-contents mapped with the learning outcomes available on e- pathshala, DIKSHA, NROER, etc. Children and parents may be guided to use these QR codes using smart phone for enhancing learning.

Digital Tools

  • SMS/Message
  • Recorded Stories by Teachers through Smart phones
  • Television
  • Radio
  • Social Media and Google Meet, etc. (for children in class III onwards)

Learning Resources

  • EVS and Science Activity Box
  • Mathematics Activity Box
  • Children‟ literature
  • Story books and relevant age-appropriate reading material
  • News Papers
  • Magazines and Periodicals
  • Textbooks

Frequency

  • SMS/Message containing necessary instruction and activities once in a week for the whole week
  • Stories on Television or Radio to be telecasted or broadcasted daily for half an hour.
  • Subject related activities to be telecast twice in a week for half an hour

Classes 1 to 12 Recommended to adopt/adapt the alternative academic calendar of NCERT at 

Time Duration

For Classes- 1-2

One hour a day in a staggered manner as per the readiness of children for activities of their choice for example –drawing or physical activity or writing or doing mathematics.

For Classes- 3-5

One and half hour a day in a staggered manner as per the readiness of children for activities of their choice for example –drawing or physical activity or writing or doing mathematics.

(For primary classes, teachers may guide parents to support children for learning)

Assessment

Discussion with parents on the following parameter-

  • Whether the child is taking interest in listening to the stories and doing activities
  • Child answers questions asked in the stories narrated by the teacher
  • Child does activities (language and mathematics and EVS) independently or with the help of parents 

Child‟s drawing or some writing work may be asked through WhatsApp for ensuring that child has been learning at home. 

Upper Primary
(Classes 6-8)

Content/Activities

Learning outcomes based 

  • Activities which can be done by the children at home. Reading Stories and supplementary  aterial
  • Writing stories and experiences
  • Challenging daily life related mathematical problems in the form of games
  • Daily life related scientific experiments and activities using material available at home.
  • Small interdisciplinary projects

Language Skills

  • Focus will be on listening, speaking, reading and writing as well as doing activities (Parents may be asked to observe and give the feedback to teachers)
  • Small writing exercises must be given only when child himself/herself wants to write.

Fitness and Creativity

  • Age appropriate physical activities integrated with music and dance
  • Drawing/Painting /dance/music related and activities

Time Duration-

  • One and half hour a day in a staggered manner- which may be divided as follows- 15 minutes each for each of the curricular areas- Science, Mathematics, Social Sciences, Languages, Art Education and Health and Physical Education.
  • Online/radio/television mode to be used to guide children for self –study and doing activities with the participation of parents.

(It must not be used as replacement of face-to-face classes)

  • Messages from students and parents may be encouraged for resolving queries and follow-up.
  • Activities under Arts Education and Health and Physical Education to be encouraged to release mental stress of children.

Assessment

Discussion with parents on the
following parameter-

  • whether child is taking interest in reading stories or other relevant reading material doing activities
  • Child discusses or tells stories to sibling or with parents or asks questions related to stories /reading material
  • The child does activities (language, mathematics, Science, Social Sciences, Arts, Health and Physical Education) independently or with the help of parents

Child‟s drawing or some writing work may be asked through WhatsApp for ensuring and promoting child„s progress in learning at home 

Guidelines/Document for support.

Alternative Academic Calendar developed by the NCERT includes detailed guidelines about conducting learning outcome-based activities: Classes 1 to 12 Recommended to adopt/adapt the alternative academic calendar of NCERT

PRAGYATA- Guidelines for Digital Education developed by the NCERT, released by the Ministry of Education: Class Recommendations –

Pre-Primary

On a given day for interacting with parents and guiding them, not more than 30 minutes.

Classes 1 to 8 Online synchronous learning may be undertaken for not more than two sessions of 30-45 minutes each on the days the States/UTs decide to have online classes for primary sections

Use of Energized Textbooks

At present textbooks generally have QR codes which contain many e-contents mapped with the learning outcomes available on e-pathshala, DIKSHA, NROER, etc. Children and parents may be guided to use these QR codes using smartphone for enhancing learning.

Digital Tools

  • SMS/Message
  • Recorded Stories by Teachers through Smart phones
  • Television
  • Radio
  • Social Media and Google Meet, etc. (for children in class III onwards)

Learning Resources

  • EVS and Science Activity Box
  • Mathematics Activity Box
  • Children‟ literature
  • Story books and relevant age-appropriate reading material
  • News Papers
  • Magazines and Periodicals
  • Textbooks

Frequency

  • SMS/Message containing necessary instruction and activities once in a week for the whole week
  • Stories on Television or Radio to be telecast or broadcast daily for half an hour.
  • Subject related activities to be telecast twice in a week for half an hour
Secondary (Class 9 and 10)

Content/Activities

Learning outcomes based 

  • Activities which can be done by the children at home.
  • Reading Stories and other relevant readings
  • Writing stories and experiences Solving challenging daily life related mathematical problems in the form of games /activities
  • Daily life related scientific experiments and activities using material available at home.
  • Small interdisciplinary projects on Science and Social Sciences

Language Skills

  • Focus will be on listening, speaking, reading and writing as well as doing activities (Parents may be asked to observe and give the feedback to teachers)
  • Writing and speaking exercises

Fitness and Creativity

  • Age appropriate physical activities integrated with music and dance
  • Drawing/Painting /dance/music related and activities

Time Duration-

  • Three Hours a day in a staggered manner- which may be divided as follows- 45 minutes for each of the curricular areas- Science, Mathematics, Social Sciences and Languages and one hour for Art Education and Health and Physical Education. Other subject areas like computers, etc. may be given time of half-an hour if required.
  • Online/radio/television mode to be used to guide children for self–study and doing activities with the participation of parents.

(It must not be used as replacement of face-to-face classes)

  • Messages from students and parents may be encouraged for resolving queries and follow-up.
  • Activities under Arts Education and Health and Physical Education to be encouraged to release mental stress of children.

Assessment

Discussion with parents on the following parameter-

  • Whether the child is taking interest in reading stories or other relevant reading material doing activities
  • The child discusses or tells stories to sibling or with parents or asks questions related to stories /reading material
  • The child does activities (language, mathematics, Science, Social Sciences, Arts, Health and Physical Education) independently or with the help of parents

The child's drawing or some writing work may be asked through WhatsApp for ensuring and promoting child's progress in learning at home

PRAGYATA

Recommendations
(Guidelines prepared by the NCERT for online Education)

Classes 9 to 12 Online synchronous learning may be undertaken for not more than four sessions of 30-45 minutes on each of the days as decided by States/UTs.

Alternative Academic Calendar developed by the NCERT includes detailed guidelines about conducting learning outcome-based activities: Classes 1 to 12 Recommended to adopt/adapt the alternative academic calendar of NCERT

Use of Energized Textbooks At present textbooks are generally having QR codes which contain many e-contents mapped with the learning outcomes available on e-pathshala, DIKSHA, NROER, etc. Children and parents may be guided to use these QR codes using smartphone for enhancing learning.

Higher Secondary (Classes 11-12)

Note –

  • Since there are different combinations of subject areas at the higher secondary stage, teachers have to plan activities as per the requirement of the subject area, however, before planning any activity learning outcomes must be decided.
  • At this stage, students generally have friends who support them; therefore, peer and group learning may be promoted using social media but making them alert on cyber security front
  • Subject wise open resources – MOOCs, etc. are available on NROER and e-pathshala, which may be used by the children. Teachers need to inform about this material and also the state developed material
  • However, online classes must not be of more than three-hour duration. One class may be of 30-45 minutes for a subject area.

PRAGYATA

Recommendations
(Guidelines prepared by the NCERT for online Education)

Classes 9 to 12 Online synchronous learning may be undertaken for not more than four sessions of 30-45 minutes on each of the days as decided by States/UTs.

Alternative Academic Calendar developed by the NCERT includes detailed guidelines about conducting learning outcome-based activities: Classes 1 to 12 Recommended to adopt/adapt the alternative academic calendar of NCERT

Source : Students’ Learning Enhancement Guidelines 2020



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