Protected Area Network is intended for the conservation of wildlife by limiting human activities. Traditional societies in India have incorporated conservation in their religious and cultural traditions. Wildlife is considered sacred wherein some plant and animal species are especially revered, thus ensuring their protection.
Conservation of sacred species, groves, forests, and landscapes has been an important aspect of the ethics of Indian culture. The Sacred Groves / Forests are important repositories of floral and faunal diversity that have been conserved by local communities. The sacred groves in Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Kerala, Karnataka, and North-East not only highlight community managed conservation efforts but also offer the potential for carbon sequestration. In Rajasthan, a desert state of India, the Khejri tree (Prosopis cineraria) is valued for its moisture-retaining properties, and it is not axed even if it is a hindrance in construction.
Bishnoi, a social group inhabiting the Western Thar Desert is committed to the tenets of conserving the biodiversity of the area and ensuring a healthy eco-friendly social life for the community. Wild animals roam freely in their rural habitat.
Most wilderness areas across India are fragile ecosystems that provide a whole host of ecosystem services to local residents and people living downstream while serving as important tourist attractions. However, unplanned tourism in such landscapes can destroy the environment. Therefore, we need to visit these places in a very responsible way for education and recreation taking care not to harm the forest or wildlife in any manner.