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Jalkund for rainwater harvesting

Jalkund for rainwater harvesting

A simple and low-cost rainwater harvesting structure named Jalkund has been developed for storing rainwater in upper terrace conditions of the North- eastern region of the country. The different steps for preparing Jalkund and use of materials are as follows.

Step 1

jalkund

Excavation of the kund on selected site is to be completed before onset of monsoon. The bed and sides of the kund are to be leveled by removing rocks, stones or other projections, which otherwise might damage the lining material. Spraying of insecticide like endosulphon 35EC on surface of the inner walls and bottom and application of aluminum Phosphide @1 tablet /live hole around 5m of the kund are to be done before lining.

Step 2

jalkund

The inner walls including bottom of the kund are to be properly smoothened by plastering with mixture of clay and cow dung in the ratio of 5:1.



Step 3

jalkund

After clay plastering, about 3-5 cm thick cushioning is to be done with locally and easily available dry pine leaf @ 2 to 3 kg/m2 on the walls and bottom to avoid any kind of damage to the lining material from any sharp or conical gravel etc.


Step 4

jalkund

It is followed by laying down of 250 m LDPE black agri-film. The agri-film sheet is to be laid down in the kund in such a way that it touches the bottom and walls loosely and uniformly and stretched out to a width of about 50 cm all around the length and width of the kund. About 25 x 25 cm trench is to be dug all around the kund and 25 cm outer edge of agri-film is to be buried in the soil so that the film is tightly bound from all around.

Step 5

jalkund

Jalkund is needed to be covered with thatch (5 – 8 cm thick) made of locally available bamboo and grasses. Use of thatch reduce evaporation up to 80 % in comparison to the control Jalkund without any cover.



Source: KIRAN



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