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Categorisation of Industries

A new categorization of industries based on their pollution load has been released by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC).

The purpose of the categorization is to ensure that the industry is established in a manner which is consistent with the environmental objectives. The new criteria will prompt industrial sectors willing to adopt cleaner technologies, ultimately resulting in generation of fewer pollutants. Another feature of the new categorization system lies in facilitating self-assessment by industries as the subjectivity of earlier assessment has been eliminated. This ‘Re-categorization’ is a part of the efforts, policies and objective of the government to create a clean & transparent working environment in the country and promote the Ease of Doing Business.

Categories and criteria for categorisation

The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) has developed the criteria of categorization of industrial sectors based on the Pollution Index which is a function of the emissions (air pollutants), effluents (water pollutants), hazardous wastes generated and consumption of resources.

For this purpose the references are taken from the the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution ) Cess (Amendment) Act, 2003, Standards so far prescribed for various pollutants under Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 and Doon Valley Notification, 1989 issued by MoEFCC. The Pollution Index PI of any industrial sector is a number from 0 to 100 and the increasing value of PI denotes the increasing degree of pollution load from the industrial sector. The following are the criteria on ‘Range of Pollution Index' for the purpose of categorization of industrial sectors.

  • Industrial Sectors having Pollution Index score of 60 and above - Red category
  • Industrial Sectors having Pollution Index score of 41 to 59 – Orange category
  • Industrial Sectors having Pollution Index score of 21 to 40 – Green category
  • Industrial Sectors having Pollution Index score incl.& upto 20 - White category

Implications of categorisation

  • There shall be no necessity of obtaining the Consent to Operate for White category of industries. An intimation to concerned SPCB / PCC shall suffice.
  • No Red category of industries shall normally be permitted in the ecologically fragile area / protected area.

List of Red Category of Industries

Sl. No. Industry Sector
1. Isolated storage of hazardous chemicals
2. Automobile Manufacturing (integrated)
3. Hazardous waste recycling (Spent cleared metal catalyst )
4. Lubricating oils and grease mfg.
5. DG Set (> 5 MVA)
6. Carbon black & allied
7. Lead acid battery
8. Phosphate rock processing
9. Power generation plant
10. Hazardous Waste Recyclers (Spent catalyst)
11. Chlorinated hydrocarbons
12. Sugar
13. Fibre glass production
14. Fire crackers
15. E-Waste Recyclers
16. Milk and dairy products
17. Phosphorous
18. Pulp & Paper
19. Coke making
20. Explosives / detonators
21. Paints varnishes, pigments
22. Organic Chemicals
23. Airports and Commercial Air Strips
24. Asbestos
25. Basic chemicals
26. Cement
27. Chlorates, per-chlorates & peroxides
28. Chlorine, fluorine, bromine, iodine
29. Dyes and Dye- Intermediates
30. Health-care Establishment
31. Hotels (Big)
32. Lead acid battery -recyclers
33. Waste electrical and electronic recyclers
34. Glue and gelatin
35. Mining and ore beneficiation
36. Nuclear power plant
37. Pesticides
38. Photographic film /chemicals
39. Yarn / Textile processing
40. Chlor Alkali
41. Ship Breaking
42 Oil and gas extraction
43. Metal surface treatment
44. Tanneries
45. Ports /harbor/jetties
46. Synthetic fibers
47. Thermal Power Plants
48. Slaughter house
49. Aluminium Smelter
50. Copper Smelter
51. Fertilizer (basic)
52. Integrated Iron & Steel
53. Zinc Smelter
54. Oil Refinery
55. Petrochemicals
56. Pharmaceuticals
57. Pulp & Paper ( Large-Agro + wood),
58. Distillery
59. Pulp & Paper ( bleaching)
60. Railway locomotive work shop/ service centers

List of Orange Category of Industries

Sl. No. Industry Sector
1. Almirah, Grill Manufacturing
2. Aluminium & copper extraction from scrap
3. Automobile servicing, repairing
4. Ayurvedic and homeopathic medicine
5. Brickfields
6. Building and construction >20,000 sq. in
7. Cashew nut processing
8. Ceramics and Refractories
9. Chanachur and Iadoo using husk fired oven
10. Coal washeries
11. Coated electrode
12. Coffee seed processing
13. Compact disc computer floppy
14. Copper waste recyclers
15. Dairy and dairy products(small scale)
16. DG set ( >1MVA but < 5MVA)
17. Dismantling of rolling stocks
18. Dry cell battery
19. Dry coal / mineral processing
20. Fermentation (Extra Neutral Alcohol)
21. Ferrous and Non- ferrous metal extraction
22. Fertilizer (granulation/formulation/blending
23. Fish feed, poultry feed and cattle feed
24. Fish processing and packing
25. Flakes from rejected PET bottle
26. Foam manufacturing
27. Food and food processing
28. Forging of ferrous and non- ferrous
29. Formulation/pelletization of camphor tablets etc.
30. Glass ceramics, earthen potteries and tile
31. Gravure printing, digital printing on flex, v
32. Heat treatment using oil fired furnace
33. Hot mix plants
34. Ice cream
35. Industry or processes involving foundry operations
36. Iodized salt from crude/ raw salt
37. Jute processing without dyeing
38. large Bakery and confectionery
39. Transformer repairing/ manufacturing
40. Tyres and tubes vulcanization/ hot retread
41. Vegetable oil manufacturing
42 Wire drawing and wire netting
43. Large Cotton spinning and weaving
44. Lime manufacturing (using lime kiln)
45. Liquid floor cleaner, black phenyl
46. Manufacturing of glass
47. Manufacturing of mirror from sheet glass
48. Manufacturing of mosquito repellent coil
49. Manufacturing of Starch/Sago
50. Mechanized laundry using oil fired boiler
51. Medium scale Hotels
52. Modular wooden furniture
53. New highway construction project
54. Non-alcoholic beverages(soft drink)
55. Paint blending and mixing (Ball mill)
56. Paints and varnishes (mixing and blending)
57. Parboiled Rice Mills
58. Pharmaceutical formulation
59. Ply-board manufacturing
60. Potable alcohol ( IMFL) by blending
61. Printing ink manufacturing
62. Printing or etching of glass sheet
63. Printing press
64. Producer gas plant
65. Recyclers-used oils
66. Recyclers - waste oils
67. Recycling - Paint and ink Sludge
68. Reprocessing of waste plastic /PVC
69. Rolling mill (oil or coal fired)
70. Silica gel
71. Silk /saree screen printing
72. Spray painting
73. Steel and steel products with furnaces
74. Stone crushers
75. Surgical and medical products (latex)
76. Synthetic detergents and soaps
77. Synthetic resins
78. Synthetic robber excluding molding
79. Tephlon based products
80. Thermocol manufacturing ( with boiler)
81. Thermometer
82. Tobacco products including cigarettes
83. Tooth powder, toothpaste, talcum powder

List of Green category of Industries

Sl. No. Industry Sector
1. Aluminium utensils
2. Ayurvedic medicines
3. Small Bakery /confectionery
4. PP film
5. Biomass briquettes
6. Melamine resins
7. Brass and bell metal utensils
8. Candy
9. Cardboard / corrugated box
10. Carpentry & wooden furniture
11. Cement products
12. Ceramic colour by mixing
13. Chilling plant and ice making
14. Coke briquetting
15. Small Cotton spinning and weaving
16. Dal Mills
17. Decoration of ceramic cups
18. Digital printing on PVC clothes
19. Handling, storage of food grains
20. Flour mills
21. Electrical Glass , ceramic, earthen potteries
22. Glue from starch
23. Gold and silver smithy
24. Non-polluting Heat treatment
25. Insulation /coated papers
26. Leather foot wear /products
27. Blending of Lubricating oil, greases
28. Pasted veneers
29. Oil mill Ghani
30. Packing materials
31. Phenyl/toilet cleaner
32. Polythene and plastic products
33. Poultry, Hatchery and Piggery
34. Power looms (without dye and bleaching)
35. Puffed rice (muri) (gas or electrical heating)
36. Ready mix cement concrete
37. Reprocessing of waste cotton
38. Rice mill (Rice hullers only)
39. Rolling mill (gas fired) and cold rolling mill
40. Rubber goods (gas operated baby boiler)
41. Saw mills
42 Soap manufacturing
43. Spice Blending
44. Spice grinding
45. Steel furniture
46. Grains processing
47. Tyres /tube retreating
48. Chilling /ice plant
49. CO2 recovery
50. Distilled water
51. Small Hotels
52. Optical lenses
53. Mineralized water
54. Tamarind powder
55. Marble stone
56. Emery powder
57. Flyash export
58. Mineral stack yard
59. Oil and gas transportation pipeline
60. Seasoning of wood
61. Synthetic detergent
62. Tea processing
63. Pulverization of bamboo

List of White category of Industries

Sl. No. Industry Sector
1. Air coolers /conditioners
2. Bicycles ,baby carriages
3. Bailing of waste papers
4. Bio fertilizer /bio-pesticides
5. Biscuits trays
6. Blending / packing of tea
7. Block making of printing
8. Chalk making
9. Compressed oxygen gas
10. Cotton and woolen hosiers
11. Diesel pump repairing
12. Electric lamp (bulb) and CFL
13. Electrical and electronic item
14. Engineering and fabrication units
15. Flavoured betel nuts
16. Fly ash bricks! block
17. Fountain pen
18. Glass ampules
19. Glass putty and sealant
20. Ground nut decorticating
21. Handloom/ carpet weaving
22. Leather cutting and stitching
23. Coir items from coconut husks
24. Metal caps containers etc
25. Shoe brush and wire brush
26. Medical oxygen
27. Organic and inorganic nutrients
28. Organic manure
29. Packing of powdered milk
30. Paper pins and u clips
31. Repairing of electric motors /generators
32. Rope (plastic and cotton)
33. Scientific and mathematical instrument
34. Solar module non-conventional energy apparatus
35. Solar power generation through solar photovoltaic cell, wind power and mini hydel power (less than 25 MW)
36. Surgical and medical products assembling

Source : PIB

Last Modified : 3/2/2020

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