It is disorder of the brain numerous impulses passing through our brain Cells all the time. When there is a disruption or improper conduction of these electrical impulses, a person suffers with a seizure.
Symptoms of a seizure are characterized by sudden twitching and uncontrollable jerking motions of the arms and legs, followed by loss of consciousness. In some individuals seizures are not so severe.
Many factors can cause epilepsy. The onset of seizures usually begins during childhood. Seizures are most common in children and elderly people who are above 65 years of age. But the condition can affect people of all ages. However, in some people who are affected by the condition, the cause remains largely unknown or unidentified. Here are a few factors that can cause seizures:
If you notice anyone having a seizure, remember the following information:
Epilepsy is treatable, controllable and preventable. With the right treatment, some people soon stop getting seizures. Between seizures, a person with epilepsy is no different from anyone else—he or she is absolutely normal in every sense of the word.
Epilepsy occurs due to abnormal discharges from the brain. It can occur at any age. Children and adolescent are more likely to have epilepsy. The day is observed on March 26th every year.
In what comes as a worrying fact on the World Epilepsy day, around 10 million Indians suffer from the disorder, which is characterized by multiple seizures. India adds five lakh new cases of epilepsy in children every year. As many as 30 per cent of these children, like Kanika Singhal, do not respond well to medication, that is meant to control the seizures that characterize this disorder. "At (the age of) four, shaking started in the legs, spread to the whole body. It used to happen at regular intervals," said Sanjay Singhal, Kanika's father. Three years after running pillar to post, her parents brought her to AIIMS, where doctors suggested a rare form of surgery that would switch off a part of her brain.
According to Dr Manjari Tripathi, the surgery called hemispherectomy is effective for 20 per cent of epileptic patients who do not get better with medical therapy. "What the surgery does is that it disconnects the harmful part of the brain from the rest of the brain. Rest of the brain takes over the function of this part," said Dr Tripathi. Once disconnected, these parts of the brain stop functioning, so the seizures stop as well. There are side effects like weakness in the hand. However, Dr Tripathi says in cases like Kanika's, the benefits outweigh the risks. She also clarifies that it is not meant for all those who suffer from epilepsy. "It should not be done for epilepsies which come from a very small part of the brain. It should be done only on larger parts," she said. Kanika has not had a seizure since the surgery. With more 10 million Indians who suffer from epilepsy, the crucial thing is to not lose time. The sooner treatment begins the better.
In fact, epilepsy is treatable in most cases, but in India, 70 to 90 per cent of patients go without treatment in rural and under-served areas. Doctors say it's time we have a national Programme for epilepsy.
Source: IBN- New Delhi