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Anaemia

This video explains about Anaemina

Anemia is the most common disorder of the blood. The several kinds of anemia are produced by a variety of underlying causes. It can be classified in a variety of ways, based on the morphology of RBCs, underlying etiologic mechanisms, and discernible clinical spectra, to mention a few. The three main classes include excessive blood loss (acutely such as a hemorrhage or chronically through low-volume loss), excessive blood cell destruction (hemolysis) or deficient red blood cell production (ineffective hematopoiesis).

  • Lower than normal blood cells in the blood
  • Measured by red blood cell count and hemoglobin below-10 gm/dil

Anaemia cut off points

  • Adult Male – below 13 g/dl
  • Non pregnant adult Female-below 12 g/dl
  • Female with pregnancy-below 11 Gms/dl
  • Children 6 months to 6 ys -11 g /dl
  • Children 6 years to 14 ys-12 g/dl

Causes

  • Folic acid deficiency
  • Vitamin B12 deficiency
  • Iron deficiency
  • Certain diseases causing destruction of blood cells hemolytic anemias
  • Repeated infections(like malaria)
  • Some kinds of bone marrow diseases
  • Blood loss due to injury, diseases
  • Poor diet leading to malnutrition
  • Inadequate diet intake during pregnancy
  • Heavy menstrual periods in women

Signs & symptoms

  • Fatigue
  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Swelling of the body
  • Pallor of skin

Source : Portal content team



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