Acne Vulgaris (commonly called pimples) is a skin disorder
- Often occurs in puberty, though may occur in the 20s or 30s.
- Presence of Open and closed comedones, pus pockets, Raised, red areas of skin, Pustular lesions most commonly on face, back, and chest
- Scarring may occur over time
- Pain, soreness, and itching may occur
- May worsen before menses
Males have a more severe form of acne, and a later onset than females.
- The true cause is often unknown. Androgens (hormones) tend to trigger in some cases.
- Plugging of hair follicles by a protein known as keratin causes the formation of so-called whiteheads and blackheads. The plugged sebaceous glands within the hair follicles continue to secrete sebum (an oily secretion). Sebum and skin cells cannot exit, thus accumulating in mass, causing the follicle to swell. If the swelling continues, it may rupture, allowing the surface bacteria (normally found on the skin) to enter and cause local infections (Pimples), then enlarge and form cysts.
- Irritating creams and oils
- Intake of certain medicines
- Constant skin friction (e.g., use of motorcycle helmets, telephones)
- Avoid infecting acne lesions by touching with hands
- Keep your face clean
- Be cautious while using cosmetics
- Sometimes certain food can make acne worse
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