Children are highly vulnerable to injuries and accidents. Usually these are only minor bruises and grazes, but sometimes the child may incur a severe accident s resulting in fracture, bleeding, suffocation, fainting, burns, drowning or electric shock (etc.). Also, a school staff member may suffer a heart attack or a have breathing problems that may need immediate First Aid.
Under these circumstances the First Aider needs to be confident to do something. Being nervous or scared is completely normal, but with First Aid training and practicing skills with role plays, scenarios or simulations, this can help school students to be confident to act and make the difference between life and death.
The procedure of attending an emergency always remains the same and includes the following:
First aid is the FIRST ASSISTANCE or support given to a casualty or a sick person for any injury or sudden illness before the arrival of an ambulance, a qualified paramedical or medical person or before arriving at a facility that can provide professional medical care. First Aid is not about giving medicine or diagnosing a condition.
As a consequence of disaster emergencies or accidents people suffer injuries which require urgent care and transportation to the nearest healthcare facility.
Indian Good Samaritan Protection Guidelines
A Good Samaritan in legal terms refers to "someone who renders aid in an emergency to an injured person on a voluntary basis".
The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has published the Indian Good Samaritan and Bystanders Protection Guidelines in The Gazette of India in May 2015 (Notification No 25035/101/2014 - RS dated 12 May 2015).
The guidelines are to be followed by hospitals, police and other authorities for the protection of Good Samaritans. The bystander or Good Samaritan shall not be liable for any civil and criminal liability. The disclosure of contact details of the Good Samaritan is to be voluntary. The lack of response by a doctor in an emergency pertaining to road accidents (where s/he is expected to provide care) shall constitute 'Professional Misconduct'.
It is important to always check the scene and ensure your safety first. Remember that dialling emergency number for ambulance and other related services is one of the most important steps you can take to save another's life.
Always apply 4 main steps systematically during any emergency situations: