The World Health Organisation (WHO) Tobacco Free Initiative is committed to raising awareness of the threat posed by the global tobacco epidemic and of the steps that can be taken to reduce tobacco use and save lives.
It produces a variety of communications and advocacy materials to promote its activities and to inform journalists, the general public and its partners in the public health community about the harms of tobacco.
The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) is the first international treaty negotiated under the auspices of WHO. It was adopted by the World Health Assembly on 21 May 2003 and entered into force on 27 February 2005. It has since become one of the most rapidly and widely embraced treaties in United Nations history.
The WHO FCTC was developed in response to the globalization of the tobacco epidemic and is an evidence-based treaty that reaffirms the right of all people to the highest standard of health. The Convention represents a milestone for the promotion of public health and provides new legal dimensions for international health cooperation.
To view the summary of WHO FCTC, click here.
The global tobacco epidemic report tracks the status of the tobacco epidemic and the impact of interventions implemented to stop it.
The 2019 "WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic" finds that many governments are making progress in the fight against tobacco, with 5 billion people today living in countries that have introduced smoking bans, graphic warnings on packaging and other effective tobacco control measures - four times more people than a decade ago. Over half of the world’s population – 3.9 billion people living in 91 countries – benefit from large graphic pack warnings featuring all recommended characteristics, making it the MPOWER measure with both the highest population coverage and the most countries covered.
However, the tobacco industry continues to hamper government efforts to fully implement life- and cost-saving interventions.
To view the report, click here.
Governments reduce the harms caused by tobacco by adopting and implementing the tobacco control provisions of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC). Among the WHO FCTC's tobacco control provisions are those that reduce the demand for tobacco as well as others that reduce tobacco production, distribution, availability and supply.
Measures relating to the reduction of demand for tobacco
Measures relating to the reduction of the supply of tobacco
Article 11 of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) requires Parties to the Convention to implement large, rotating health warnings on all tobacco product packaging and labelling. Pictorial health warnings on tobacco packages are a cost-effective means to increase public awareness about the dangers of tobacco use. Guidelines for Article 11 of the WHO FCTC recommend that Parties should mandate full colour pictures or pictograms, in their packaging and labelling requirements. A database of pictorial health warnings and messages shared by countries are provided in the database. To access the database, click here
To view the India Profile of WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic, 2019 click here.
Source : World Health Organisation