Indian Organ Donation Day is being celebrated every year on November 27 to commemorate the contributions made to society by deceased donors and their families.
The objective of the day is to spread awareness among people and to recognize the selfless efforts made towards mankind and re-establish belief in humanity.
India ranks third in the world only behind USA and China as per the data available on the Global Observatory on Donation and Transplantation (GODT) website. The total number of organ transplants done per year in the country has increased from 4990 in the year 2013 to 12,746 in the year 2019. Similarly, the organ donation rate has increased to about four times as compared to 2012-13. As per estimates, only 0.65 organ donations per million population take place in the country.
As per the 2019 data of the All Institute of Medical Sciences, annually 1.5 to two lakh people require a kidney transplant. But only around 8,000, meaning four percent people get it. Similarly, every year around 80,000 patients require a liver transplant, but only 1,800 eventually get it. Around one lakh patients require corneal or eye transplants annually, but less than half of people get it. Even for a heart transplant, of the 10,000 who need a heart transplant, only 200 matches with donors.
There are only three percent registered organ donors in India. There has been a considerable decline in organ donation in India as well as the entire world due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The main reason behind such less organ donation is the lack of knowledge among people regarding the process of organ transplant. NGOs and public organizations are trying to spread awareness.
The network of organ donation, collection and replacement through the State Organ and Tissue Transplant Organization (SOTTOs) at State-Level, Regional Organ and Tissue Transplant Organization (ROTTOs) at Regional Level and National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organization (NOTTO) at National Level.
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13th August is observed every year as World Organ Donation Day to raise awareness on Organ Donation.
The global database on donation and transplantation represents the most comprehensive source to date of worldwide data concerning activities in organ donation and transplantation derived from official sources, as well as information on legal and organizational aspects.
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