Handling and Disposal of Waste
Injection Waste Disposal of the total waste generated in any hospital, about 20% constitute Bio medical waste which is hazardous and need to be properly disposed.
Types of Sharp waste
- As per the BMW Rules, sharp wastes are classified in category 4 and include needles, syringes, scalpel blades, glass etc. that may cause puncture and cuts. This includes both used and unused sharps, which should be treated.
Segregation of sharps
- Sharps should be segregated at source by responsible clinical staff
- Awareness posters should be displayed at the site of segregation.
- Appropriate and different types of wastes containers have to be placed at different points like. In the Ward, OT, ICUs, Clinics.
- Blue \ White translucent puncture proof containers should be placed at easily accessible sites.
- Sharps should be disinfected and the site of generation should have Hub cutters \ needle and syringe destroyer.
Safe Handling of Sharps
- Extreme care should be taken to avoid auto- inoculation.
- The syringe is discarded in the colour coded container.
- The disposable needles should be never manipulated, bent, broken, recapped or removed from syringes.
- The use sharps should never be passed directly from one person to another.
- Always one should dispose of his or her own sharps.
- Needles in the needle destroyer are discarded in puncture - proof rigid containers after disinfection in 1% freshly prepared sodium hypochlorite solution and never in other waste containers
- The puncture proof container should be disposed as per Bio-medical Waste Rules, 2000.
Source: National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC)
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