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Personal hygiene are the applications that people perform, to protect their health and keep their life healthy. Personal hygiene are the behaviours that must be practised in daily life, starting from morning to sleep time to protect our health. To protect health, body, hair, mouth and teeth must be cleaned regularly and clothes must be washed frequently. Personal hygiene is intimately involved with health. It is absolutely known that germs easily grow in unclean bodies and cause illnesses. The number of germs can easily increase to 17 million in just 8 hours.
The food we eat, the way we keep our body clean, physical exercises and safe sexual relationship, all these play a greater role in maintaining good health of the body. Many diseases develop due to lack of cleanliness. Parasites, worms, scabies, sores, tooth decay, diarrhoea and dysentery are caused due to lack of personal hygiene. All these diseases can be prevented by practising cleanliness.
According to World Health Organisation, around 1.1 billion people globally do not have access to improved water supply sources whereas 2.4 billion people do not have access to any type of improved sanitation facility. About 2 million people die every year due to diarrhoeal diseases, most of them are children less than 5 years of age. The most affected are the population in developing countries, living in extreme conditions of poverty, normally peri-urban dwellers or rural inhabitants.
Among the main problems which are responsible for this situation are: lack of priority given to the sector, lack of financial resources, lack of sustainability of water supply and sanitation services, poor hygiene behaviours, and inadequate sanitation in public places including hospitals, health centres and schools. Providing access to sufficient quantities of safe water, the provision of facilities for a sanitary disposal of excreta, and introducing sound hygiene behaviours are of capital importance to reduce the burden of disease caused by these risk factors.
Head bath to be taken once or twice in a week with shampoo or any other cleansing agent (like shikakai).
Skin covers the whole body, protects organs and helps to maintain body temperature. Skin helps to bring out the body's dirt through sweat. In a defective skin, the sweat glands gets blocked and as a result, sores, boils and acne develop. Take bath every day using soap and clean water to keep your skin clean.
Neem can also be used as a natural alternative to cleanse the skin. One method is to rub the body with neem paste, letting it dry, and then having a bath. Another way is to soak some neem leaves in water overnight and have bath with this water. This keeps the skin clean of most harmful bacteria. A pinch of turmeric can also be added to the water to bring vibrancy to the body.
Both men and women are to keep their reproductive organs always clean.
Practice the following hygiene tips during cooking to prevent food contamination, food poisoning and transmission of disease.
Source : Healthy villages - A guide for communities and community health workers, by World Health Organisation
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