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SVAMITVA scheme

SVAMITVA (Survey of villages and mapping with improvised technology in village areas) scheme is a new initiative of the Ministry of Panchayati Raj. It aims to provide rural people with the right to document their residential properties so that they can use their property for economic purposes.

The scheme is for surveying the land parcels in rural inhabited area using Drone technology. The survey shall be done across the country in a phase wise manner over the period 2020 -2025 . The scheme is proposed as a Central Sector scheme with a projected outlay of Rs 79.65 crores for the pilot phase (FY 2020 -21) .

Objectives

  • To bring financial stability to the citizens in rural India by enabling them to use their property as a financial asset for taking loans and other financial benefits.
  • Creation of accurate land records for rural planning.
  • Determination of property tax, which would accrue to the GPs directly in States where it is devolved or else, add to the State exchequer.
  • Creation of survey infrastructure and GIS maps that can be leveraged by any department for their use.
  • To support in preparation of better-quality Gram Panchayat Development Plan (GPDP) by making use of GIS maps.
  • To reduce property related disputes and legal cases

Coverage

There are about 6.62 lakh villages in the country which will be eventually covered in this scheme. The entire work is likely to be spread over a period of five  years.

Pilot phase

The pilot phase is scheduled during 2020-21. Pilot Phase extends to six pilot States (Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand) covering approx. 1 lakh villages and CORS network establishment is planned for two States (Punjab And Rajasthan).

*For the States, which have already done Abadi surveys, the scope and the process of the survey will be decided in Phase II (post Pilot Phase), in consultation with the States and SoI.

Scaling up phase

Full coverage of nearly 6.62 lakh villages in India and establishment of an extensive CORS network with 567 CORS stations.

A Continuously Operating Reference Stations (CORS) network provides regional positioning service. In CORS Infrastructure, the corrections to the map are instantly sent to the rover receiver from control centre which helps to find very accurate positioning of rover in real me. CORS plays a major role in achieving centimetre accuracy positioning in many applications, for example, cadastral mapping, land information management, large scale mapping, fleet management, tracking and navigation etc which is otherwise not possible with traditional methods.

Various Stages in SVAMITVA Scheme & its Glimpses

Property Cards Now Available in Digi Locker App

Expected outcome

The outcome from the scheme would include updating the ‘record-of-rights’ in the revenue/property registers and issuance of property cards to the property owners. This would facilitate monetization of rural residential assets for credit and other financial services. Further, this would also pave the way for clear determination of property tax, which would accrue to the GPs leading to better civic amenities.

Stakeholders for scheme implementation

The following stakeholders would be involved in carrying out the scheme:

  • Nodal Ministry (Ministry of Panchayati Raj), Govt of India. 
  • Survey of India (Technology Implementation Agency)
  • State Revenue department
  • State Panchayati Raj Department
  • Local district authorities. 
  • Property owner
  • Gram Panchayat (GP).
  • National Informatics Centre (NIC) – GIS Division 
  • Other line departments having assets in Rural inhabited areas (if any) for preparing comprehensive database.

To access the complete scheme guidelines, click here.

Source : Ministry of Panchayati Raj



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