The Directorate General of Employment & Training (DGE&T) in the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, Government of India initiated Craftsmen Training Scheme (CTS) in 1950 by establishing about 50 Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) for imparting skills in various vocational trades to meet the skilled manpower requirements for technology and industrial growth of the country. Several new private ITIs were established in 1980’s in southern states mostly in Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh, etc. from where trained craftsmen found placement mainly in Gulf countries. In 1980, there were 830 ITIs and the number rose to 1900 ITIs in 1987. During 1990’s, the growth of ITIs had been steep and in 2014, there are over 10,750 ITIs (2275 in Govt. & 8475 in Private Sector) having a total seating capacity of 15.22 lakhs. Currently there are 15,042 Government and Private Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) with total seating capacity of 22.82 Lakh with an objective to provide skilled workforce to the industry in 138 NSQF compliant trades.
Under the constitution of India, Vocational training is the concurrent subject of both Central and State Governments. The development of training schemes at National level, evolution of policy, laying of training standards, norms, conducting of examinations, certification, etc. are the responsibilities of the Central Government, whereas the implementation of the training schemes largely rests with the State Govts./UT Administrators.
Salient Features of the Scheme
- Training is imparted in 138 NSQF compliant trades.
- ITIs are functioning under the administrative control of the respective State Govts./UTs / Private Organisations.
- The period of training for various trades varies from six months to two years and the entry qualification varies from 8th to 12th class pass, depending on the requirements of training in different trades.
- The institutes are required to conduct training courses as per the curriculum prescribed by National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT). The admission to the new courses are made in the month of August every year.
- The trainees after completion of the training period are required to appear in the All India Trade Test conducted under the aegis of National Council for Vocational Training. The successful trainees are awarded National Trade Certificate which has been recognized by Govt of India for the purpose of recruitment to subordinate posts and services under the Central Govt.
- About 70% of the training period is allotted to practical training and the rest to theoretical training relating to Trade theory, Workshop Calculation & Science, Engineering Drawing, Social Studies including environmental science & family welfare.
- Training in Govt. ITIs is provided at nominal fee. They are also provided with library, sports and medical facilities etc.
- Syllabi of various trades are periodically revised to keep pace in tune with changes in technology.
- Seats are reserved for SC/ST, OBCs , Differently abled and women candidates as per norms There is a provision of re-affiliation for existing affiliated ITIs for more than 5 years old to ensure standards/norms prescribed by N.C.V.T.
- Work of inspection & accreditation of ITIs has been entrusted to the Quality Council of India w.e.f 1.9.2012 and applications are submitted online for opening of new ITIs as well as addition of trades in existing ITIs.
- Reports of inspection & accreditation, as received from QCI ,are processed at DGE&T HQ and put up before the sub –Committee of NCVT for grant of affiliation.
Admissions to Industrial Training Institutes
- Age : Minimum age of 14 years with no upper limit
- Qualification : The academic qualification prescribed for the trade varies from class VIII pass to Class XII pass depending upon the trade. The trade vise prescribed qualification are given in the list of the trades covered under CTS .
- Selection : Selection of candidates for admission in Industrial Training Institutes start well in advance of the commencement of each session. Admission should be completed by the date of starting of the session. Selection of the candidate: As per the recommendation of NCVT admission in ITI s are to be made on merit based / written examination on the marks secured by the candidate in the public examination of the minimum qualification prescribed for the individual trade
- Prospectus / Proforma for admission : Performa for admission may be obtained from the respective State Directorate dealing with Craftsmen Training Scheme or from the Principal of the concerned Industrial Training Institutes conducting training programme under Craftsmen Training Scheme.
- Start of Session: Session in ITIs starts from 1st August every year. Semester system has been introduced w.e.f 1.8.2013
- Tuition fee.
Caution money - Rs. 250 is chargeable from each trainee at the time of admission. Trade Test Fee
- Rs. 100 p.m. is chargeable from each category of trainee.
- Fee is payable in two installments, one at the time of admission and the other after six months.
- No Tuition Fee is to be charged from SC/ST and Physically handicapped trainees. Similarly, no tuition fee will be charged from 5% women candidates coming from economically weaker sections which will be determined by the Admission selection committee after scrutiny of their Income/Pay Certificates.
Class Examination fee .. Rs. 50 per annum. Room rent for Hostel Students .. Rs. 100 p.m. (to be charged quarterly) Hostel rent for electricity, water .. Rs. 150 p.m. (to be charged and furniture charges. quarterly) Smart Card .. Rs. 200 at the time of admission. Hostel Service Charges .. Rs. 100 per year Funds .
- Regular Trainee (1st attempt) .. Rs. 100 at the end of one year.
- Failed trainee (Second and .. Rs. 125 subsequent attempts.
- Private trainee .. Rs. 200
- IT (Literacy) Exam Fee .. Rs. 200+Service Tax, as applicable/- per student
Admission Registration Fee .. Rs. 50
- Students Fund .. Rs. 500 for the entire session
- Maintenance of play grounds and .. Rs. 75 per month per trainee Lawns.
- Magazine/Brochure Fund .. Rs. 100 P.A.
All the above dues are to be paid in cash and once paid are not refundable.
Every student will be required to deposit on admission a sum of Rs. 250 as caution money. A second deposit may also be asked for, if the first has been exhausted. The caution money is refundable to the trainee on the completion of the course or leaving the Institution after deduction of Government dues, if any.
Note.—In case of default in paying the 2nd installment of fee, etc. fine at the rate of Rs. 10/- per day for first 15 days will be charged, after that her name will be removed from the roll. However, re-admission can be given at the discretion of the Principal with re-admission fee of Rs. 500/-. No attendance and other benefit will be given on account of re-admission.
The Examination fee is required to be deposited by due date fixed by the Institute. A late fee of Rs. 5/- will be charged extra after the due date up to 10 days before the commencement of the examination. No fee will be accepted thereafter.
Concessions (Stipend and Scholarship)
The trainees will be given the following concessions while at the Institution :
(a) Stipend @ Rs. 100 p.m. will be paid to all admitted students.
(b) Merit Scholarship.—In addition to the award of stipend to 100 per cent of the trainees on roll, merit scholarship @ Rs. 125 per month will be awarded to 4% of the total trainees on roll in the Trades on the basis of merit test conducted internally and taking into account their sessional work and punctuality during the first six months of their training.
Normative training fee chargeable by private ITIs
- For Rural areas
For Urban areas
- Engineering trades - Rs 15,000
- Non-Engineering trades - Rs 12,000
- Engineering trades - Rs 16,500
- Non-Engineering trades - Rs 13,200
In addition ITIs rated as 5 star or 4 star grading under framework notified by DGET would be entitled to charge 20 in higher fees.
A uniform escalation of 7% per annum will be given starting from the year 2016.
- List of CTS courses
- Locate your nearest ITIs
Source : The Directorate General of Training, Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, Government of India