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International Girl Child Day

Every year, October 11 is celebrated as the International Day of the Girl Child, to recognize girls’ rights and the unique challenges girls face around the world.

Background

On December 19, 2011, United Nations General Assembly adopted Resolution 66/170 to declare October 11 as the International Day of the Girl Child. The International Day of the Girl Child focuses attention on the need to address the challenges girls face and to promote girls’ empowerment and the fulfilment of their human rights.

Girls are breaking boundaries and barriers posed by stereotypes and exclusion, including those directed at children with disabilities and those living in marginalized communities. As entrepreneurs, innovators and initiators of global movements, girls are creating a world that is relevant for them and future generations.

Theme for 2020 - My voice, our equal future

This year, under the theme, “My voice, our equal future”, let’s seize the opportunity to reimagine a better world inspired by adolescent girls – energized and recognized, counted and invested in.

As adolescent girls worldwide assert their power as change-makers, International Day of the Girl 2020 will focus on their demands to: 

  • Live free from gender-based violence, harmful practices, and HIV and AIDS 
  • Learn new skills towards the futures they choose 
  • Lead as a generation of activists accelerating social change

Nearly 25 years ago, some 30,000 women and men from nearly 200 countries arrived in Beijing, China for the Fourth World Conference on Women, determined to recognize the rights of women and girls as human rights. The conference culminated in the adoption of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action: the most comprehensive policy agenda for the empowerment of women.

In nearly 25 years, we have seen more girls move from dreaming to achieving. More girls today are attending and completing school, fewer are getting married or becoming mothers while still children, and more are gaining the skills they need to excel in the future world of work.

Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action

The Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action is the most progressive blueprint ever for advancing the rights of not only women but girls. Now, nearly 25 years later, the Platform for Action remains a powerful foundation for assessing progress on gender equality. It calls for a world where every girl and woman can realize all her rights, such as to live free from violence, to attend and complete school, to choose when and whom she marries, and to earn equal pay for equal work.

The Platform for Action specifically calls on the global community to:

  1. Eliminate all forms of discrimination against girls.
  2. Eliminate negative cultural attitudes and practices against girls.
  3. Promote and protect the rights of girls and increase awareness of their needs and potential.
  4. Eliminate discrimination against girls in education, skills development and training.
  5. Eliminate discrimination against girls in health and nutrition.
  6. Eliminate the economic exploitation of child labour and protect young girls at work.
  7. Eradicate violence against girls.
  8. Promote girls’ awareness of and participation in social, economic and political life.
  9. Strengthen the role of the family in improving the status of girls.

Source : UNICEF

Related resources

  1. UN Women
  2. UN


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