Determination of Sex of the Foetus
Things to remember
- Sex -selection, before or after conception is prohibited
- Sex selection means any form of procedure, technique, test, prescription for ensuring that the embryo will be of a particular sex
- Any gynecological or medical procedures such as ultrasound, etc is regulated by law
- No laboratories, hospitals, clinic or any doctor can conduct any test on a woman for the purposes of determining the sex of a foetus
- Any person doing so is punishable under the law
- A woman cannot be compelled by her husband or any relative to undergo such tests for determination of sex of the foetus
- Disclosing of sex of foetus in any manner by word, action, etc is punishable under the law
- It is discrimination against the girl child
- It is also an Unethical medical practice.
- Adverse socio-economic and health implications.
- A woman's health suffers as she is forced to undergo multiple pregnancies arid abortions.
- Decreasing number of females in the society can increase sex-related crimes and violence against women.
- Such imbalances are also likely to cause a rise in social problems like dowry, forced polyandry, rape, child marriages, bride selling arid kidnapping of women for marriage.
Medical Termination of Pregnancy
- Abortion is legal under certain circumstances but must be done according to the law.
- Forcing a woman to terminate the pregnancy is an offence.
When is abortion legal?
- If continuing the pregnancy involves a risk to the mother's life.
- Continuing pregnancy would cause grave damage to the physical or mental health of the mother.
- The pregnancy has been caused by rape.
- If the child is born, it would be gravely deformed.
- Any method of family planning adopted by the couple has failed.
Who can terminate pregnancy?
- It should be done only in a Government hospital or in a hospital or clinic authorized by the Government.
- Only a qualified doctor is authorized to terminate pregnancy.
- Abortion carried on by mid-wives, nurses or quacks is illegal.
When can the pregnancy be terminated?
- Pregnancy can be terminated before 12 weeks from conception.
- If the pregnancy exceeds twelve weeks, then it can be terminated only on the advice of two doctors.
- Pregnancy cannot be terminated if it exceeds twenty weeks.
Source: National Commission for Women
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