Government of India has approved a new scheme namely, Pradhan Mantri Mahila Shakti Kendra (MSK) for 2017-18 upto 2019-20 to empower rural women through community participation and to create an environment in which they realize their full potential.
The new scheme is envisaged to work at various levels. While, National level (domain based knowledge support) and State level (State Resource Centre for Women) structures will provide technical support to the respective government on issues related to women, the District and Block level Centres will provide support to MSK and also give a foothold to BBBP in 640 districts to be covered in a phased manner.
State Resource Centre for Women (SRCW) is meant for all States/UTs. District Level Centre for Women (DLCW) will be setup in 640 districts in a phased manner. In the first year (2017-18), DLCW will be set up in 220 districts, in the second year 220 new districts will be covered and in the third year (2019 - 20) 200 new districts will be covered. Block Level initiative will cover 115 most backward blocks (as identified by NITI Aayog).
Women empowerment is multi-dimensional and the services provided under MSK will build upon by leveraging available resources of variety of schemes/programmes of the government at the district/block level.
Student volunteers will cater to awareness about government schemes/ programs, training and capacity building for empowerment of rural women through block level intervention. They will provide an interface for rural women to approach the government for availing their entitlements. Accordingly, mechanisms at national, state, district and block level have been provided under the Scheme.
The scheme will be implemented through the State Government /UT Administration.
Domain based experts will provide support in implementation of all women centric schemes/programmes of the Government with the aim to strengthen the conceptual and programmatic basis of such schemes through convergence with Ministries and State Government /UT Adm. Focus will be given on training & capacity building to enhance the understanding on gender issues.
At the state level, the State Resource Centre for Women (SRCW ) under the State Governments (Department of WCD/Social Welfare) will provide technical assistance towards implementing programmes, laws and schemes meant for women through effective coordination at the State/UT level. SRCWs will continue to review and evaluate existing policies, programmes and legislations so that activities, which are cross-cutting and multi-disciplinary in nature, synergise harmoniously to reach women beneficiaries. Each SRCW has provision for five staff members.
A new component namely District Level Centre for Women (DLCW) has been envisaged which will collate information on government programmes, schemes and services meant for women empowerment (including Beti Bachao Beti Padao (BBBP), One Stop Centre, Women Helpline, Mahila Police Volunteers, Swadhar, Ujja wala, etc.) to cover 640 districts and will serve as a link between village/block and state level. These centres will also give foothold for BBBP Scheme at the district level. The DLCWs will provide the required information pertaining to women related schemes to all citizens (women will be given priority) in the concerned district. The DLCW will act as a link between the local administration, State Governments and Ministry of Women and Child Development for implementing women centric schemes and programs of the government. Each DLCW will be manned by 3 persons (contractual staff) and will function under the guidance of District Collector/Deputy Commissioner and work in convergence with CEO Zila Parishad, law enforcement agencies, quasi government bodies, other departments etc.
Activities under MSK will be implemented at the Gram Panchayat level and will be facilitated through Block/Taluk level centres, which will serve as the focal points and will be called MSK- Block Level. The block level centres will be run by a Block Level Committee (BLC) with members as nominated by DC/DM. The block level initiative is meant to promote community participation through involvement of Student Volunteers for empowering rural women and NSS/NCC cadre students can also be associated. These will cover all the GPs/ Anganwadi Centres in the selected block. Services shall be provided at Gram Panchayat level through convergence with frontline workers such as Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs), Anganwadi Workers (AWW), Auxiliary Nurse Midwife (ANMs), Common Service Centres (CSCs), Women SHGs, Bank Correspondents, Shiksha Mitra, Krishi Mitra, Elected Women Representatives (EWRs), Protection Officers (VAW), Mahila Police Volunteers (MPV), Nyaya Mitra etc. Training and Capacity building programmes will be undertaken as part of MSK Scheme. The strategy for training and capacity building will factor in the requirements of diverse stakeholders (elected women representatives, staff including field functionaries, women’s collective members and individuals), training needs (sensitization, awareness generation, technical skills, behavioral change), modalities (either directly or through agencies).
MSK will be implemented with a cost sharing pattern between the Central Government and the States as 60:40, except in respect of North Eastern and Special Category States where the cost sharing ratio shall be 90:10. In the UTs the scheme will be implemented with 100% central funds. All payments made under the scheme must be through PFMS under DBT mode.
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