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Safe use of pesticides

While Purchasing

Do’s

Don’ts

  • Purchase pesticides/biopesticides only from registered pesticide dealers having valid License.
  • Purchase only just required quantity of pesticides for single operation in a specified area.
  • See approved labels on the containers/packets of pesticides.
  • See Batch No., Registration Number, Date of Manufacture / Expiry on the labels.
  • Purchase pesticides well packed in containers.
  • Always purchase with proper Bill or Invoice and all details like batch number, manufacturing date & expiry date should be mentioned in it.
  • Do not purchase pesticides from footpath dealers or from un-licenced person.
  • Do not purchase pesticide in bulk for whole season.
  • Do not purchase pesticides without approved label on the containers.
  • Never purchase expired pesticide.
  • Do not purchase pesticides whose containers are leaking/loose/ unsealed.
  • Never purchase without Bill

 

During storage

Do’s

Don’ts

  • Store the pesticides away from house premises.
  • Keep pesticides in original containers.
  • Pesticides/weedicides must be stored separately.
  • The area where pesticides have been stored, should be marked with warning signs.
  • Pesticides be stored away from the reach of the children and livestock.
  • Storage place should be well protected from direct sunlight and rain.
  • Never store pesticide in house premises.
  • Never transfer pesticides from original to other containers.
  • Do not store insecticides with weedicides.
  • Do not allow children to enter the storage place.
  • Pesticides should not be exposed to sunlight or rain water.

While handling

Do’s

Don’ts

  • Keep pesticides separate during transportation.
  • Bulk pesticides should be carried carefully to the site of application.
  • Never carry/transport pesticides along with food/fodder/other eatable articles.
  • Never carry bulk pesticides on head, shoulder or on the back.

While preparing spray solution

Do’s

Don’ts

  • Always use clean water.
  • Use protective clothings viz., hand gloves, face masks, cap, apron, full trouser, etc. to cover whole body.
  • Always protect your nose, eyes, ears, hands, etc. from spill of spray solution.
  • Read instructions on pesticide container label carefully before use.
  • Prepare the solution as per requirement.
  • Granular pesticides should be used as such.
  • Avoid spilling of pesticides solutions while filling the spray tank.
  • Always use recommended dosage
  • No activities should be carried out which may affect your health.
  • Do not use muddy or stagnant water.
  • Never prepare spray solution without wearing protective clothings.
  • Do not allow the pesticide/its solution to fall on any body parts.
  • Never avoid reading instructions on container’s label for use.
  • Never use left out spray solution after 24 hours of its preparation.
  • Do not mix granules with water.
  • Do not smell the spray tank.
  • Do not use overdose which may affect plant health and environment.
  • Do not eat, drink, smoke or chew during whole operation of pesticides.

Selection of Equipments

Do’s

Don’ts

  • Select right kind of equipments.
  • Select right sized nozzles.
  • Use separate sprayer for insecticides and weedicides.

  • Do not use leaky or defective equipments.
  • Do not use defective/non- recommended nozzles.  Do not blow/clean clogged nozzles with mouth.  Instead use tooth brush tied with sprayer.
  • Never use same sprayer for both weedicides and insecticides.

 

While applying spray solutions

Do’s

Don’ts

  • Apply only recommended dose and dilution.
  • Spray operation should be conducted  on cool and calm day.
  • Spray operation should be conducted on sunny day in general.
  • Use recommended sprayer for each spray.
  • Spray operation should be conducted in the wind direction.
  • After spray operation, sprayer and buckets should be washed with clean water using detergent/soap.
  • Avoid the entry of animals/workers in the field immediately after spray.

  • Never apply over-dose and high concentrations than recommended.
  • Do not spray on hot sunny day or strong windy conditions.
  • Do not spray just before rains and immediately after the rains.
  • Emulsifiable concentrate formulations should not be used for spraying with battery operated ULV sprayer.
  • Do not spray against wind direction.
  • Containers and buckets used for mixing pesticides should never be used for domestic purpose even after thorough washing.
  • Never enter in the treated field immediate after spray without bearing protective clothing.

After Spray Operation

Do’s

Don’ts

  • Left over spray solutions should be disposed-off at safer place viz. barren isolated area.
  • The used/empty containers should be crushed with stone/stick and buried deep in soil away from water sources.
  • Wash hands and face with clean water and soap before eating/smoking.
  • On observing poisoning symptoms give the first aid and show the patient to doctor. Also show the empty container to doctor.
  • Left over spray solution should not be drained in or near ponds or water lines etc.
  • Empty containers of pesticides should not be re-used for storing other articles.
  • Never eat/smoke before washing clothes and taking bath.
  • Do not take the risk by not showing the poisoning symptoms to doctor as it may endanger the life of the patient.

Source : Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine and Storage



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