The Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research (IISR), Lucknow, an ICAR institute, dedicated working on the sugarcane research and development, has developed various technologies suitable for different regions of the country.
Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Coimbatore, India, established in 1912, is mainly focusing on evolving superior varieties of sugarcane suitable for various agro climatic zones in India.The location is well suited for sugarcane breeding as the climate favours natural flowering of sugarcane and good seed set.Three regional centres of SBI located at Karnal (Haryana), Kannur and Agali (Kerala) assist the main centre in research trials and establishing nurseries.
An user friendly website namely 'CaneInfo' has been developed and launched to host detailed information on production technologies related to sugarcane across India.
The normal practice in many parts of the world is to use commercial crop of sugarcane for seed purposes. Characteristics for good seed are seldom taken into consideration. Many growers do not care for seed quality and many of those who do, select the seed only at the sett cutting and planting stage. This is not enough. If a grower wants to be sure of getting good and disease free seed cane he should raise the seed crop separately. This crop should be kept completely free from pests and diseases by constant field scouting from the very beginning.
Moreover, seed quality is not merely a matter of pest and disease freedom. Seed has to be in high water content and of good nutritional status. Neglect in raising good seed crop is one of the major defects in sugarcane cultivation all over the world.
Use of sugarcane seed from the commercial crop has been responsible for rapid multiplication of a large number of diseases like red rot, wilt, smut, ratoon stunting and grassy shoot which adversely affect the cane yield and quality. It is, therefore, raising of healthy and vigorous sugarcane crops for seed purpose is essential and recommended.
Crop is ready in 7 - 8 months. Setts obtained from such crop contain healthy and sound buds, higher moisture content, adequate nutrients, higher amounts of reducing sugars, therefore, establish quickly and grow vigorously thus ensuring a good commercial main field crop.
Preparation of Setts for Main Field Planting
Ideal Seed Cane
Last Modified : 8/17/2020
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