28th February is celebrated as National Science Day (NSD) in India. NSD is celebrated to commemorate discovery of the ‘Raman Effect’, which led to Sir C.V. Raman winning the Noble Prize.
When was the day declared as National Science Day?
In 1986, the National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC) asked the Government of India to designate 28 February as National Science Day which the then Govt. of India accepted and declared the day as National Science Day in 1986. The first National Science Day was celebrated on February 28, 1987.
What is Raman Effect?
Raman Effect is a phenomenon in spectroscopy discovered by the eminent physicist Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman in 1928. After two years in 1930, he got Nobel Prize for this remarkable discovery and this was the first Nobel Prize for India in the field of Science. while working in the laboratory of the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Kolkata.
Raman Effect is a change in the wavelength of light that occurs when a light beam is deflected by molecules. When a beam of light traverses a dust-free, transparent sample of a chemical compound, a small fraction of the light emerges in directions other than that of the incident (incoming) beam. Most of this scattered light is of unchanged wavelength. A small part, however, has wavelengths different from that of the incident light; its presence is a result of the Raman Effect.
The theme of NSD-2020 is "Women in Science".
National Council for Science & Technology Communication (NCSTC) of Department of Science & Technology (DST) is nodal agency to support catalyze and coordinate celebration of the NSD throughout the country, particularly in scientific institutions & research laboratories.
NCSTC has supported various programmes countrywide by supporting its State S&T Councils & Departments for organization of lectures, quizzes, open houses, etc.
DST instituted National Awards in 1987 to stimulate, encourage and recognize outstanding efforts in the area of science popularization and communication and in promoting scientific temper. The following awards for 2019 are being conferred on NSD.
- National Award for Outstanding Efforts in S&T Communication through Print Media including Books and Magazines is being conferred on Dr. Suryamani Behera, Retd. Professor and Popular Science Writer, Odisha and Dr. Amiya Rajbongshi, Retd. Vice Principal, North Lakhimpur College (Autonomous), Rector, Genius Academy, Lakhimpur, Assam. Award consists of Rs.2,00,000/- (Rupees Two lakh), a memento and a citation.
- National Award for Outstanding Efforts in S&T Popularization among Children has been conferred on Sh. Deepak Sharma, Science Teacher, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh and Kisan Sewa Sansthan, Dist. Basti, Uttar Pradesh. Award consists of Rs.2,00,000/- (Rupees Two lakh), a memento and a citation.
- National Award for Outstanding Efforts in S&T through Innovative and Traditional methods is being conferred on Dr. Mahesh Verma, Vice Chancellor, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Delhi, Dr. S. Nagarathinam, Prof. and Head, Dept. of Communication, Madurai Kamaraj University, Tamil Nadu and Dr. Rajendra Kumar, Principal Scientist, ICAR-IARI. Award consists of Rs.2,00,000/- (Rupees Two lakh), a memento and a citation.
- Augmenting writing skills for articulating research (AWSAR) Award is conferred on Ms. Chris Felshia, Ph.D. Scholar from CLRI -Central leather research institute, Chennai and Dr Joyita Sarkar, Post Doctoral Fellow from Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, Maharashtra. Award consists of Rs.1,00,000/- (Rupees Two lakh), a memento and a citation.
- Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB) Women Excellence Award is being conferred on Dr. Niti Kumar, Scientist, Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, Dr. Deepa Agashe, Assistant Professor (Reader F), National Centre for Biological Sciences, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Bangalore, Karnataka and Dr. K. Geetharani, Assistant Professor, Department of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Karnataka. The awardees are supported with a research grant of Rs. 5 lakh per annum for a period of three years.
- National Award for young women showing excellence through application of technology for societal benefits is being conferred on Dr. Shweta Rawat, Scientist E, Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences ( DIPAS), DRDO, Delhi and Gupta Dr. Shalini, Associate Professor, Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi. Award consists of Rs.1,00,000/- (Rupees one lakh), a memento and a citation.
Source : DST