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National Science Day

28th February is celebrated as National Science Day (NSD) in India. NSD is celebrated to commemorate discovery of the ‘Raman Effect’, which led to Sir C.V. Raman winning the Noble Prize.

When was the day declared as National Science Day?

In 1986, the National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC) asked the Government of India to designate 28 February as National Science Day which the then Govt. of India accepted and declared the day as National Science Day in 1986. The first National Science Day was celebrated on February 28, 1987.

What is Raman Effect?

Raman Effect is a phenomenon in spectroscopy discovered by the eminent physicist Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman in 1928.  After two years in 1930, he got Nobel Prize for this remarkable discovery and this was the first Nobel Prize for India in the field of Science. while working in the laboratory of the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Kolkata.

Raman Effect is a change in the wavelength of light that occurs when a light beam is deflected by molecules. When a beam of light traverses a dust-free, transparent sample of a chemical compound, a small fraction of the light emerges in directions other than that of the incident (incoming) beam. Most of this scattered light is of unchanged wavelength. A small part, however, has wavelengths different from that of the incident light; its presence is a result of the Raman Effect.

NSD 2021

The theme of NSD-2020 is "Future of science technology and innovation (STI): Impacts on Education, Skills, and Work".

National Council for Science & Technology Communication (NCSTC) of Department of Science & Technology (DST) is nodal agency to support catalyze and coordinate celebration of the NSD throughout the country, particularly in scientific institutions & research laboratories.

NCSTC has supported various programmes countrywide by supporting its State S&T Councils & Departments for organization of lectures, quizzes, open houses, etc.

National Awards

DST instituted National Awards in 1987 to stimulate, encourage and recognize outstanding efforts in the area of science popularization and communication and in promoting scientific temper.

The  National S&T Communication Awards, Augmenting Writing Skills for Articulating Research (AWSAR) awards, and SERB Women Excellence Awards and  Rajendra Prabhu Memorial Appreciation Shield for outstanding work in science media and journalism were conferred on NSD 2021.

  1. National Award for Outstanding Efforts in S&T Communication through Print Media including Books and Magazines is being conferred on Dr. S. Anil Kumar, Kerala. Award consists of Rs.2,00,000/- (Rupees Two lakh), a memento and a citation.
  2. National Award for Outstanding Efforts in S&T Popularization among Children has been conferred on (1) Indian Resource and Development Association, Haryana and (2) Dr. Mihir Kumar   Panda, Odisha . Award consists of Rs.2,00,000/- (Rupees Two lakh), a memento and a citation.
  3. National Award for Outstanding Efforts in S&T through Innovative and Traditional methods is being conferred on (1) Dr. Sheffali Gulati, Delhi (2) Shri Rakesh Khatri, Delhi. Award consists of Rs.2,00,000/- (Rupees Two lakh), a memento and a citation.
  4. National Award for Outstanding Efforts in Science & Technology Communication in the Electronic Medium has been conferred on Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa, Telangana
  5. Rajendra Prabhu Memorial Appreciation Shield for Outstanding Work in Science Media and Journalism: Dr. S. Anil Kumar, Kerala
  6. Appreciation Shield for National S&T Databases
    • S&T Awards in India: Dr Lalit Mohan, Society for Environment & Development (SED), Delhi and
    • Indian origin Academicians Abroad: Dr. Rajesh Bhatia & Team, Punjab Engineering College (PEC), Chandigarh 
  7. Augmenting writing skills for articulating research (AWSAR) Award is conferred on
    • Outstanding Story (PDF category) - Dr. Sangeeta Dutta, Bengaluru, Karnataka
    • AWSAR Award: First Prize (Ph.D. category) - Ms. Pooja Maurya, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
    • AWSAR Award: Second prize (Ph.D. category) - Ms. Indu Joshi, New Delhi, Delhi
    • AWSAR Award: Third prize (Ph.D. category) - Ms. Shruti Soni, Bangalore, Karnataka
  8. Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB) Women Excellence Award is being conferred on
    • Dr. Shobhna Kapoor, Assistant Professor, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra
    • Dr. Antara Banerjee, Scientist B, National Institute for Research in Reproductive Health, Mumbai, Maharashtra
    • Dr. Sonu Gandhi, Scientist D, National Institute of Animal Biotechnology, Hyderabad, Telangana
    • Dr. Ritu Gupta, Assistant Professor, Indian Institute of Technology Jodhpur, Jodhpur, Rajasthan

Source : DST



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