More than 50% of the deaths and disability from heart disease and strokes can be cut down by a combination of simple and cost effective national efforts and individual attentions to reduce major risk factors. the major leading causes of deaths in developing countries. It is estimated that 90% of cardio vascular diseases (CVD) is preventable. Prevention of CVD involves improving risk factors through: healthy eating, exercise, avoidance of tobacco smoke and limiting alcohol intake.
As per Ayurveda, the food consumed by an individual is transformed in the intestinal tract by the action of koshtagni i.e, digestive fire. Production of ahararasa, which is normal in quality and quantity, depends upon the normalcy of koshtagni. The Rasa Dhatu is the first Dhatu which gets formed from the Ahara Rasa i.e. nutrient portion of food after proper digestion of food and is circulated by the action of vyana vayu throughout the body providing nutrition to seven dhatus, viz, Rasa, Rakta, Mamsa, Medas, Asthi, Majja and Sukra. The organs and channels through which this Rasa Samvahana (circulation) takes place are collectively termed as Rasavaha Srotas and Hridaya along with the ten Mula Dhamanis (great vessels) are considered as Mula (main organ) of this Srotas. In contrast, if the quality and quantity of Ahara and /or Kostagni are not in appropriate condition, it leads to improper digestion of food and subsequent formation of abnormal Rasa dhatu which has direct impact on Hridaya, the seat of Rasavaha srotas. In other words, the indiscretions followed by human beings in terms of Ahara (diet) and Vihara (lifestyle) can directly cause impairment of Agni and thus leads to formation of vitiated rasa dhatu. This vitiated rasadhatu is not capable of performing its normal functions of providing proper nutrition to seven dhatus in human body.
According to Ayurveda, excessive consumption of food which is heavy to digest, dry, cold and with bitter or astringent qualities, excessive physical exertion, altered patterns of sleep including day sleep, forceful withholding of urges or initiation of urges, excessive indulgence in purgation, emesis or enema procedures, mental stress, excessive fear, over thinking, anxiety and indulgences in medications to counteract these things can be broadly classified into Aharaja, Viharaja and Manasika factors which in turn vitiate the agni and subsequently the rasadhatu. The impaired rasadhatu in circulation, in presence of impaired agni at the levels of koshta and dhatus and vitiated vyana vayu, eventually paves the way for metabolic disorders such as medoroga, sthoulya, prameha etc which are milestones in the pathogenesis of hrid-vikara.
The common causative/predisposing factors for hridrogas as described in authoritative texts of Ayurveda are enumerated below so that these can be prevented for a healthy heart.
Ayurveda prescribes specific diet patterns in the diseased conditions. According to the principles of Ayurveda, derangement of the digestive power occurs in many diseases and hence it is important to restore normalcy of the digestive power.
Food articles to be consumed regularly
|Sastika(type of Rice)
|A kind of rice harvested in sixty days
|Shali (type of Rice)
|Oryza sativum Linn
|Phaseolus mungo Linn.
|Saindhava (type of salt)
|Emblica officinalis Gaertn.
|Jangala Masa (mear)
|Meat of animals dwelling in arid climate
Food Articles not to be Consumed Regularly
|If milk cooked with curd or butter milk it will separate into liquid
|The solid part separated form kurcika
|Mixing mastu (whey) with honey, jiggery, Kanji etc. and keep for three days-the fermented preparation callled as Sukta
|Meat of emaciated animals
|Meat of sheep
|Meat of Buffalo
|The fiber of lotus
|Sweets prepared by grinding cereals
|Rice of Yavaka variety of paddy
The unwholesome form of vegetables and fruits
Last Modified : 4/22/2021
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