This law makes it an offence to:
Yes, it lays down the rules and procedure for the rehabilitation of manual scavengers through training in alternate employment, financial help and help with purchasing property.
Every local authority (municipality or panchayat), cantonment board or railway authority is responsible for surveying its area to identify manual scavengers.
Please click here to know more about the number of scavengers identified in such surveys.
Under this law, the first step to preventing manual scavenging is demolishing 'insanitary latrines'. This Act came into force in December 2013. It imposed certain time bound commitments by the local authorities (municipal bodies, cantonment boards and railway authorities).
|Step 1||Within 2 months of the Act, the local authority had to:
|Step 2||Within 15 days of publishing this list, the authority had to send a notice to the person who had constructed or used the insanitary latrine asking her to either convert it into a sanitary latrine or pull it down. The person has 6 months to do this. If she is not able to do this within 6 months, the local authority can grant an extension for up to 3 months if there are good reasons.|
|Step 3||Another additional duty the local authority had to finish within 9 months was to build as many sanitary latrines as it considers necessary in the areas the insanitary latrines have been found.|
|Step 4||The local authorities need to build an adequate number of sanitary latrines for the community in their respective areas within 3 years.|
The local authorities are responsible for the building and maintenance of these community sanitary latrines and must make sure that they are functional and hygienic.
It is unlawful and an offence under this Act for any person, municipality, panchayat or agency to:
Further, all the people already employed as manual scavengers are to be discharged immediately. A person who had an insanitary latrine at the time the Act came into force had to pull it down or convert it within 6 months. She could be given an extension of 3 months if they were good reasons for her not being able to complete it within 6 months.
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