T17 2019/10/24 05:26:0.527299 GMT+0530
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Botanicals

This topic covers information about Preparation of Botanicals .

Pongamia leaves

Pongamia leaf extract

Pests controlled

Sucking insect pests and Leaf eating caterpillars

Materials required

    pongamia
  • 1 kg of leaves
  • 5 ml of soap
  • Grinder
  • Water
  • Stick/rod

Methodology

white board traps for snails

Soak shredded leaves overnight in water (Enough to cover the leaves). Next day, grind the filtrate material. Dilute the extract with 5 liters of water. Add soap and stir thoroughly. Spray on plants early in the morning or late in the afternoon.

Pongamia Seed extract

Pests controlled

Aphid, Armyworm, Brown plant hopper, Citrus leaf miner, Corn stem borer, Green leafhopper, Potato tuber moth, Rice caseworm, Whitefly

Materials required

    white board traps for snails
  • 50 grams of Pongamia seed powder
  • 1 litre of water
  • Few drops of soap
  • Mortar and pestle
  • Muslin cloth
  • Jar 1 lt. Capacity
  • Strainer/ Sieve
  • Stick/rod
  • Plastic bucket

Methodology

white board traps for snails

De-pulp the seeds. Crush them gently so that oil should not be lost. Put the crushed material in the muslin cloth and soak overnight in water. Squeeze the cloth containing soaked material. Filter it and add soap. Stir well and spray on plant.

Dosage

5 kg Pongamia seed powder is required for 100 liters of extract which can be used for 0.4 ha area.

Lantana leaf extract

Pest controlled

White flies, leaf miner, termites, stored insects, nematodes, fungi, bacteria and virus

Materials required

  • Lantana leaves
  • Detergent/ soap solution
  • Scissor/knife
  • Water
  • Filter
  • Stick/rod
  • Plastic bucket

Methodology

Take 1 kg Lantana leaves. Cut into small pieces and grind it. Add 250 ml of water and stir well. Filter the material by adding another 250 ml of water. Add detergent few drops and stir well. Then dissolve in 10 litres of water and spray on plants.

Calotropis leaf extract

Pest controlled

Spodoptera litura (Anti feedant activity)

Materials required

    white board traps for snails
  • Calotropis leaves
  • 1 liter of water
  • Few drops of soap
  • Muslin cloth
  • Jar 1 lt.
  • Strainer/ Sieve
  • Plastic bucket

Methodology

Crush 1 kg of leaves in mortar-pestle, make paste. Add one litre of water and filter. Make final solution in 10 lts. of water before spraying.

Source: Skill Development of Farmers for Production of IPM inputs in IPM Seva Kendra

3.06474820144
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