National Science Day
This topic provides information about National Science Day.
28th February is celebrated as National Science Day (NSD) in India. NSD is celebrated to commemorate discovery of the ‘Raman Effect’, which led to Sir C.V. Raman winning the Noble Prize.
When was the day declared as National Science Day?
In 1986, the National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC) asked the Government of India to designate 28 February as National Science Day which the then Govt. of India accepted and declared the day as National Science Day in 1986. The first National Science Day was celebrated on February 28, 1987.
What is Raman Effect?
Raman Effect is a phenomenon in spectroscopy discovered by the eminent physicist Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman in 1928. After two years in 1930, he got Nobel Prize for this remarkable discovery and this was the first Nobel Prize for India in the field of Science. while working in the laboratory of the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Kolkata.
Raman Effect is a change in the wavelength of light that occurs when a light beam is deflected by molecules. When a beam of light traverses a dust-free, transparent sample of a chemical compound, a small fraction of the light emerges in directions other than that of the incident (incoming) beam. Most of this scattered light is of unchanged wavelength. A small part, however, has wavelengths different from that of the incident light; its presence is a result of the Raman Effect.
The theme of NSD-2018 is "Science and Technology for a Sustainable Future", which has been chosen for the purpose of raising public appreciation of the scientific issues involved.
National Council for Science & Technology Communication (NCSTC) of Department of Science & Technology (DST) is nodal agency to support catalyze and coordinate celebration of the NSD throughout the country, particularly in scientific institutions & research laboratories.
NCSTC supports organization of lectures, quizzes, panel discussion, etc. through State S&T Councils & Departments. Many institutions also organize Open House for their laboratories and apprise students about career opportunities available in Science & Technology.
DST instituted National Awards in 1987 to stimulate, encourage and recognize outstanding efforts in the area of science popularization and communication and in promoting scientific temper. The following awards for 2017 are conferred on NSD.
- National Award for Outstanding Efforts in S&T Communication is being conferred on Dr. Raghbir Singh Khandpur from Punjab. The award consists of Rs.2,00,000/- (Rupees two lakh), a memento and a citation.
- National Award for Outstanding Efforts in S&T Communication through Print Media including Books and Magazines is being conferred on Shri Tarun Kumar Jain, Jaipur, Dr. B.Sasikumar, Kozhikode and Sh. Dilip Kumar Sarma, Guwahati. Award consists of Rs.1,00,000/- (Rupees one lakh), a memento and a citation.
- National Award for Outstanding Efforts in S&T Popularization among Children has been conferred on Dr. Jyotirmayee Mohanty, Jagatsinghpur, Odisha, and Ms. Sarika Gharu, Hosangabad, Madhya Pradesh. Award consists of Rs.1,00,000/- (Rupees one lakh), a memento and a citation.
- National Award for Outstanding Efforts in S&T through Innovative and Traditional methods is being conferred on Socio Cultural Development Centre, Jagatsinghpur, Odisha. Award consists of Rs.1,00,000/- (Rupees one lakh), a memento and a citation.
- National Award for Outstanding Efforts in S&T Communication in the Electronic Medium is conferred on Indian Society of Remote Sensing. Award consists of Rs.1,00,000/- (Rupees one lakh), a memento and a citation.
- The National Award for Women Development through Application of Science and Technology for the year 2017 is being conferred on Socio Cultural Development Centre, Jagatsinghpur, Odisha. This consists of Rs.15 lakhs, a memento and a citation.
Source : DST