Universal Health Coverage Day
This topic provides information about Universal Health Coverage Day.
Universal Health Coverage Day, commemorated each 12 December, is the anniversary of the first unanimous United Nations resolution calling for countries to provide affordable, quality health care to every person, everywhere.
UHC Day has become the annual rallying point for the growing global movement for health for all. Each year on 12.12, voices are raised to share the stories of the millions of people still waiting for health, to call on leaders to make bigger and smarter investments in health, and to remind the world that health for all is imperative for the world we want.
Universal health coverage
Universal Health Coverage (UHC) means everyone can access the quality health services they need without financial hardship.
- WHO: All people, including the poorest and most vulnerable.
- WHAT: Full range of essential health services, including prevention, treatment, hospital care and pain control.
- HOW: Costs shared among entire population through pre- payment and risk-pooling, rather than shouldered by the sick. Access should be based on need and unrelated to ability to pay.
UHC is a means to promote the human right to health. Universal health coverage has been included in the new Sustainable Development Goals adopted by the United Nations.
The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals that all UN Member States have agreed to try to achieve Universal Health Coverage by 2030. This includes financial risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all.
Theme for 2017
The theme for 2017 is "Health for All - Rise for our Right".
Universal health coverage is a political goal rooted in the human right to health. But no right has ever been guaranteed until people decided to fight for it.
Why Health for all
There is growing global consensus that universal health coverage is a smart investment and an achievable goal everywhere. World leaders have affirmed that health is a human right, that no one should go bankrupt when they get sick, and that universal health coverage underpins our collective security and prosperity. Universal health coverage improves how health care is financed and delivered – so it is more accessible, more equitable and more effective.
Source : WHO
Initiatives for UHC in India
- The National Health Policy 2017 envisages the attainment of the highest possible level of health without anyone having to face financial hardship as a consequence.
- Mission Indradhanush, one of the largest global public health initiatives was launched in 2014. In its four phases till date, MI has successfully reached over 25 million children in over 528 districts. Since 2014, Rotavirus vaccine, Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV), and the Measles-Rubella (MR) vaccine, and also the JE vaccine for adults have also been launched.
- The Pradhan Mantri Dialysis Program has been launched to provide free services through Dialysis Units under Free Drugs and Diagnostics Program.
- AMRIT outlets have been established to provide subsidised medicines
- To provide comprehensive primary care, the Government has announced transforming 1.5 lakh sub health centres to Health and Wellness centres in the country.
- Universal screening of common NCDs such as diabetes, hypertension and common cancers at the sub-centre and Primary Health Centre has been initiated.
Laqshya| Labour Room Quality Improvement Initiative
There is enough evidence that supports the fact that improving the quality of care in Labour rooms especially on the day of birth, is central to maternal and neonatal survival. Recognizing this fact, Government of India has launched Laqshya- Labor Room Quality Improvement Initiative.
LaQshya is expected to improve the quality of care that is being provided to the pregnant mother in the Labour Room and Maternity Operation Theatres, thereby preventing the undesirable adverse outcomes associated with childbirth. This initiative will be implemented in Government Medical Colleges (MCs) besides District Hospitals (DHs), and high delivery load Sub-District Hospitals (SDHs) and Community Health Centres (CHCs).
The initiative plans to conduct quality certification of labour rooms and also incentivize facilities achieving the targets outlined. The goal of this initiative is to reduce preventable maternal and new-born mortality, morbidity and stillbirths associated with the care around delivery in Labour room and Maternity OT and ensure respectful maternity care.